The effects of two intensities of formalin pain on behaviour and beta-Endorphin (beta-EP) concentration in the brain and pituitary were studied in male and female rats. The animals were familiarized with the Hole-Board apparatus for 3 days, and then, after a subcutaneous injection of formalin (50 mu l, 0.1 or 10%) or Sham-injection (Control) in the hindpaw, they were tested in the Hole-Board for 60 min. Licking, Flexing and Paw-Jerk of the injected limb were recorded. beta-EP concentration was determined in the hypothalamus (HYP), the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), the anterior pituitary (AP) and the neurointermediate lobe (NIL). Licking and Flexing durations were greater in females than males only with formalin 10%. Sex differences in beta-EP concentration between the Control groups were found in all tissues except the HYP; beta-EP levels were higher in females in the PAG and NIL, but greater in the AP in males. beta-EP concentration increased in males in the HYP and NIL with formalin 10%; in females, a decrease was found in the HYP with formalin 0.1%. The present results suggest that: (a) there are differences between males and females in the responses to formalin pain, and the nature (pattern and duration) of the sex differences varies according to the pain intensity; (b) there are differences in beta-EP concentration between the two sexes in control animals, and male and female rats also exhibit differences in the modifications of beta-EP in response to formalin-induced pain.
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|Titolo:||Sex-related effects on behaviour and ß-endorphin of different intensities of formalin pain in rats.|
|Citazione:||Aloisi, A.M., Sacerdote, P., Albonetti, M.E., & Carli, G. (1995). Sex-related effects on behaviour and ß-endorphin of different intensities of formalin pain in rats. BRAIN RESEARCH, 699(2), 242-249.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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