The effects of the unsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic and oleic acid, on the influx of Ca2+ activated by depletion of intracellular stores with thapsigargin were investigated in various cell types. By using a Ca2+ free/Ca2+ reintroduction protocol, we observed that arachidonic acid (2 to 5 microM) inhibited thapsigargin-induced rises in cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in Ehrlich tumor cells, Jurkat T lymphocytes, rat thymocytes, and Friend erythroleukemia and PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells. This effect was attributed to the inhibition of Ca2+ entry, since arachidonate also inhibited thapsigargin-stimulated unidirectional entry of the Ca2+ surrogates Ba2+ and Mn2+. In Ehrlich cells, the IC50 for arachidonic and oleic acid was 1.2 and 1.8 microM, respectively. The inhibition appeared to depend on the ratio [fatty acid]/[cells] rather than on the absolute fatty acid concentration. Experiments with [3H]-oleic acid revealed that the inhibitory activity was not correlated with cell internalisation and metabolism of the fatty acid. The inhibition was reverted by removal of the fatty acid bound to cell membrane by fatty acid-free albumin treatment. The unsaturated fatty acids had no effect on ATP/ADP cell levels and plasma membrane potential. Pharmacological evidence indicated that cell phosphorylation/dephosphorylation events, and pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins were not involved. Other amphipathic lipophilic compounds, i.e. 2-bromopalmitic acid, retinoic acid, sphingosine, and dihydrosphingosine, mimicked arachidonic/oleic acid as they inhibited thapsigargin-stimulated Ca2+ influx in an albumin-reversible fashion. These results suggest that physiologically relevant (unsaturated) fatty acids can inhibit capacitative Ca2+ influx possibly because they intercalate into the plasma membrane and directly affect the activity of the channels involved.
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|Titolo:||Inhibition of store-dependent capacitative Ca2+ influx by unsaturated fatty acids.|
|Citazione:||Gamberucci, A., Fulceri, R., & Benedetti, A. (1997). Inhibition of store-dependent capacitative Ca2+ influx by unsaturated fatty acids. CELL CALCIUM, 21((5)), 375-385.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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