Previous results suggest that GEM affects 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism and pharmacokinetics in cancer patients, while combined with oxaliplatin, levo-folinic acid, and 5-FU (GOLF regimen), at doses achievable in cancer patients, determines high cytotoxic and proapoptotic antitumour activity in colon cancer cells in vitro. On these bases we designed a phase I–II clinical trial testing the GOLF regimen in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma, who had received at least a prior line of chemotherapy. In total, 29 patients (20 males and nine females) enrolled in the study received every 2 weeks, gemcitabine (patients #1–3 received 600 mgm2; patients # 4–6 received 850 mgm2; while patients # 7–29 received 1000 mgm2) on the day 1, levo-folinic acid (100 mgm2) on the days 1 and 2; 5-fluorouracil (400 mgm2) in bolus injection, followed by a 22-h continuous infusion (800 mgm2) on the days 1 and 2, and oxaliplatin (85 mgm2), 6 h after the 5-FU bolus on day 2. The most frequent side effect was grade I–II haematological toxicity. In total, 28 patients were evaluable for response: three achieved a complete response, nine a partial response, 10 had a stable disease, and six progressed. The average time to progression and overall survival of the patients was, respectively, 7.26 and 22 months. Our GOLF combination is well tolerated and seems promising for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.
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|Titolo:||A novel biweekly multidrug regimen of gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and folinic acid (FA) in pretreated patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma|
|Citazione:||A novel biweekly multidrug regimen of gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and folinic acid (FA) in pretreated patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma / Correale, P; Messinese, S; Caraglia, M; Marsili, S; Piccolomini, Alessandro; Petrioli, R; Ceciarini, F; Micheli, Lucia; Nencini, C; Neri, Alessandro; Vuolo, G; Guarnieri, Alfredo; Abbruzzese, A; Prete, Sd; Giorgi, Giorgio; Francini, Guido. - ELETTRONICO. - 90:9(2004), pp. 1710-1714.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|