Experiments were carried out in Italy on the potential use of the hyperaccumulator Alyssum bertolonii in phytomining of ultramafic soils for Ni. In situ experimental plots at Murlo, Tuscany were fertilized with various regimes during a 2-year period. The best fertilizer treatment (N 4- K 4- P) gave a threefold increase of the biomass of reproductive matter to 9.0 t/ha without dilution of the unfertilized Ni content. A Ni content of 0.8% in dry matter (11% in ash), would give a Ni yield of 72 kg/ha without need of resowing for a further crop. There was no correlation between the age of a plant and its Ni content. The long-term cropping sustainability of the soils was simulated by sequential extractions with KH phthalate solutions at pH 2, 4 and 6 that showed a limiting available Ni content of 768 μg/g. Thus just over seven croppings at pH 6 in the rhizosphere would reduce the available Ni pool by 30%. A proposed model for phytomining involves harvesting the crop after 12 months and burning the material to produce a sulphur-free bio-ore with about 11% Ni. Utilising the energy of combustion is also discussed. It is considered that Alyssum bertolonii or other Alyssum species might be used for phytomining throughout the Mediterranean area including Anatolia, as well as in Western Australia and the western United States. The economic limits of phytomining are proposed and at current world prices, the technique would only be feasible for Ni and Co with plants of at least the same biomass as Alyssum. Plants of higher biomass and similar uptake potential as for Ni, could extend the limits to other elements.
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|Titolo:||The nickel hyperaccumulator plant Alyssum bertolonii as a potential agent for phytoremediation and phytomining of nickel|
|Citazione:||Robinson, B.H., Chiarucci, A., Brooks, R.R., Petit, D., Kirkman, J.H., Gregg, P.E.H., et al. (1997). The nickel hyperaccumulator plant Alyssum bertolonii as a potential agent for phytoremediation and phytomining of nickel. JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION, 59, 75-86.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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