Since the peroxidative cleavage of unsaturated fatty acids can result in either the release of carbonyl compounds or the formation of carbonyl functions in the acyl residues, evidence for the presence of carbonyl groups in liver microsomal phospholipids was searched for in in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) in which peroxidation of lipids of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum had been previously demonstrated. The spectrophotometric examination of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated phospholipids of liver microsomes from the intoxicated animals showed absorption spectra similar to those observed for the dinitrophenylhydrazones of various carbonyls. Similar spectra, although magnified from a quantitative point of view, were also observed with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated phospholipids of liver microsomes peroxidized in the NADPH-Fe-dependent system. A time-course study of microsomal lipid peroxidation showed that the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups (carbonyl functions) in phospholipids of liver microsomes increases with the incubation time and is correlated to the amount of malonic dialdehyde formed in the incubation mixture. The kinetics of the production of 4-hydroxynonenal was somewhat similar to that of malonic dialdehyde formation. In both the in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) the amount of carbonyl functions in microsomal phospholipids, which was higher in the BrCCl3-intoxicated animals as compared to the CCl4-poisoned ones, was close to that found in the vitro condition in which lipid peroxidation is induced by 6 μM Fe2+. The possible pathological significance of formation of carbonyl functions in membrane phospholipids is discussed. © 1982.

Benedetti, A., Fulceri, R., Ferrali, M., Ciccoli, L., Esterbauer, H., Comporti, M. (1982). Detection of carbonyl functions in phospholipids of liver microsomes in CCl4- and BrCCl3-poisoned rats. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 712(3), 628-638 [10.1016/0005-2760(82)90292-2].

Detection of carbonyl functions in phospholipids of liver microsomes in CCl4- and BrCCl3-poisoned rats

Benedetti, A.;Fulceri, R.;Ferrali, M.;Ciccoli, L.;Comporti, M.
1982-01-01

Abstract

Since the peroxidative cleavage of unsaturated fatty acids can result in either the release of carbonyl compounds or the formation of carbonyl functions in the acyl residues, evidence for the presence of carbonyl groups in liver microsomal phospholipids was searched for in in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) in which peroxidation of lipids of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum had been previously demonstrated. The spectrophotometric examination of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated phospholipids of liver microsomes from the intoxicated animals showed absorption spectra similar to those observed for the dinitrophenylhydrazones of various carbonyls. Similar spectra, although magnified from a quantitative point of view, were also observed with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated phospholipids of liver microsomes peroxidized in the NADPH-Fe-dependent system. A time-course study of microsomal lipid peroxidation showed that the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups (carbonyl functions) in phospholipids of liver microsomes increases with the incubation time and is correlated to the amount of malonic dialdehyde formed in the incubation mixture. The kinetics of the production of 4-hydroxynonenal was somewhat similar to that of malonic dialdehyde formation. In both the in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) the amount of carbonyl functions in microsomal phospholipids, which was higher in the BrCCl3-intoxicated animals as compared to the CCl4-poisoned ones, was close to that found in the vitro condition in which lipid peroxidation is induced by 6 μM Fe2+. The possible pathological significance of formation of carbonyl functions in membrane phospholipids is discussed. © 1982.
Benedetti, A., Fulceri, R., Ferrali, M., Ciccoli, L., Esterbauer, H., Comporti, M. (1982). Detection of carbonyl functions in phospholipids of liver microsomes in CCl4- and BrCCl3-poisoned rats. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 712(3), 628-638 [10.1016/0005-2760(82)90292-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/28344
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