The alterations of mitochondrial membrane potential during the development of irreversible cell damage were investigated by measuring rhodamine-123 uptake and distribution in primary cultures as well as in suspensions of rat hepatocytes exposed to different toxic agents. Direct and indirect mechanisms of mitochondrial damage have been identified and a role for Ca2+ in the development of this type of injury by selected compounds was assessed by using extracellular as well as intracellular Ca2+ chelators. In addition, mitochondrial uncoupling by carbonylcyanide-m-chloro-phenylhydrazone (CCCP) resulted in a marked depletion of cellular ATP that was followed by an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, immediately preceding cell death. These results support the existence of a close relationship linking, in a sort of reverberating circuit, the occurrence of mitochondrial dysfunction and the alterations in cellular Ca2+ homeostasis during hepatocyte injury. © 1991.

Bellomo, G., Fulceri, R., Albano, E., Gamberucci, A., Pompella, A., Parola, M., et al. (1991). Ca(2+)-dependent and independent mitochondrial damage in hepatocellular injury. CELL CALCIUM, 12(5), 335-341 [10.1016/0143-4160(91)90049-K].

Ca(2+)-dependent and independent mitochondrial damage in hepatocellular injury

Fulceri, R.;Gamberucci, A.;Benedetti, A.
1991-01-01

Abstract

The alterations of mitochondrial membrane potential during the development of irreversible cell damage were investigated by measuring rhodamine-123 uptake and distribution in primary cultures as well as in suspensions of rat hepatocytes exposed to different toxic agents. Direct and indirect mechanisms of mitochondrial damage have been identified and a role for Ca2+ in the development of this type of injury by selected compounds was assessed by using extracellular as well as intracellular Ca2+ chelators. In addition, mitochondrial uncoupling by carbonylcyanide-m-chloro-phenylhydrazone (CCCP) resulted in a marked depletion of cellular ATP that was followed by an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, immediately preceding cell death. These results support the existence of a close relationship linking, in a sort of reverberating circuit, the occurrence of mitochondrial dysfunction and the alterations in cellular Ca2+ homeostasis during hepatocyte injury. © 1991.
Bellomo, G., Fulceri, R., Albano, E., Gamberucci, A., Pompella, A., Parola, M., et al. (1991). Ca(2+)-dependent and independent mitochondrial damage in hepatocellular injury. CELL CALCIUM, 12(5), 335-341 [10.1016/0143-4160(91)90049-K].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/28341
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