The 100-fold increase in toxicity of intraperitoneal (i.p.) rather than orally administered 2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA) is adduced to the depressive effect which this compound exerts on the contractility of the gut musculature. A structure/activity relation study shows the t-butyl group on the benzene ring as being the major determinant of i.p. BHA toxicity. Contractile activity, elicited by field electrical stimulation, acetylcholine or Ba2+, of the ileum longitudinal muscle preparation from BHA-treated rats was greatly reduced 30 min after i.p. injection, and almost absent during the subsequent 48 h. Electron-microscope examination of ileum longitudinal muscle also showed partial destruction of cell membranes 4 h after BHA administration with subsequent mitochondrial swelling and destruction of cristae, myofibrillar fragmentation and cell necrosis. Comparable suppression of contractile activity and morphological damage were observed in BHA or t-butylbenzene incubated ileum segments where longitudinal smooth muscle contractility was irreversibly depressed in a time- and dose-dependent manner. These convergent findings point to the toxic effect of i.p. BHA on gut musculature with consequent impairment of intestinal transit.

Sgaragli, G.P., Valoti, M., Fusi, F., Palmi, M., Mantovani, P., De Santi, M.m., et al. (1993). Toxic injury to rat gut musculature following intraperitoneal administration of 2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 248, 121-129.

Toxic injury to rat gut musculature following intraperitoneal administration of 2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol.

SGARAGLI, GIAN PIETRO;VALOTI, MASSIMO;FUSI, FABIO;PALMI, MITRI;MANTOVANI, PIERO;TOSI, PIERO
1993

Abstract

The 100-fold increase in toxicity of intraperitoneal (i.p.) rather than orally administered 2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA) is adduced to the depressive effect which this compound exerts on the contractility of the gut musculature. A structure/activity relation study shows the t-butyl group on the benzene ring as being the major determinant of i.p. BHA toxicity. Contractile activity, elicited by field electrical stimulation, acetylcholine or Ba2+, of the ileum longitudinal muscle preparation from BHA-treated rats was greatly reduced 30 min after i.p. injection, and almost absent during the subsequent 48 h. Electron-microscope examination of ileum longitudinal muscle also showed partial destruction of cell membranes 4 h after BHA administration with subsequent mitochondrial swelling and destruction of cristae, myofibrillar fragmentation and cell necrosis. Comparable suppression of contractile activity and morphological damage were observed in BHA or t-butylbenzene incubated ileum segments where longitudinal smooth muscle contractility was irreversibly depressed in a time- and dose-dependent manner. These convergent findings point to the toxic effect of i.p. BHA on gut musculature with consequent impairment of intestinal transit.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/27841
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