The plasminogen activator system is known to play a crucial role in the angiogenesis process by modulating the adhesive properties of endothelial cells to the extracellular matrix and cell-cell interaction. In the present study, we demonstrated that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) induced neovascular growth in the avascular rabbit cornea and dose-dependently promoted growth, chemotaxis, and matrix invasion of cultured endothelial cells. Interaction between u-PA and its receptor appears to be mandatory for the angiogenic effect of u-PA because monoclonal antibodies anti-u-PA and anti-u-PA receptor (u-PAR) blocked the proangiogenic effects of u-PA at the endothelial cell level. We then assessed the signaling pathway activated in endothelial cells by u-PA. u-PAR activation by u-PA produced de novo synthesis of diacylglycerol (DAG) from glucose by a cytochalasin B-inhibitable mechanism, indicating the involvement of a specific glucose transporter (GLUT). Endothelial cells expressed GLUT2, whose activation was tyrosine kinase-dependent and protein kinase C (PKC)-independent. The increase of glucose uptake led to DAG production, which resulted in PKC activation/translocation. Impairment of u-PAR availability by monoclonal antibodies and by antisense oligonucleotides (aODN) against u-PAR mRNA inhibited glucose uptake, DAG neosynthesis, and PKC activation, resulting in the blockade of endothelial cell proliferation, chemotaxis, and chemoinvasion. These data suggest that u-PAR activation consequent to the binding of u-PA can be regarded as an "angiogenic switch" and disclose the possibility that an anti-u-PAR aODN strategy may efficiently target endothelial cell function to control angiogenesis in vivo.
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|Titolo:||Urokinase-dependent angiogenesis in vitro and diacylglycerol production are blocked by antisense oligonucleotides against the urokinase receptor.|
|Citazione:||G., F., R., C., M., C., M., P., N., S., Morbidelli, L., et al. (1998). Urokinase-dependent angiogenesis in vitro and diacylglycerol production are blocked by antisense oligonucleotides against the urokinase receptor. LABORATORY INVESTIGATION, 78(9), 1109-1119.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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