Since it has been demonstrated in previous studies that peroxidation of liver microsomal lipids leads to the production of aldehydes provided with cytopathological activities-namely 4-hydroxyalkenals-evidence was searched for aldehydes bound to microsomal protein in in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) in which peroxidation of lipids of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum had been demonstrated previously. The spectrophotometric analysis of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated non-lipoidal residues of liver microsomes from the intoxicated rats shows absorption spectra similar to those observed for the dinitrophenylhydrazones formed in the reaction of alkenals with -SH groups of proteins or low molecular weight thiols. Similar spectra, although magnified from a quantitative point of view, were obtained either with liver microsomes allowed to react with synthetic 4-hydroxynonenal or with liver microsomes peroxidized in the NADPH-Fedependent system. A time-course study of microsomal lipid peroxidation shows that the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups in the non-lipoidal residue of liver microsomes increases with the incubation time and is correlated to the amount of thiobarbituric acid-reacting products formed in the incubation mixture. In both the in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups in the non-lipoidal residue of liver microsomes increases from 15 min up to 2 h after poisoning and is higher, in every instance, in the BrCCl3-intoxicated animals compared to the CCl4-poisoned ones. Experiments carried out to ascertain the reliability of the spectrophotometric detection of protein-bound alkenals showed that in the in vitro system in which liver microsomes are allowed to react with 4-hydroxynonenal there is a good agreement between the binding value that can be calculated from the absorption spectrum and the binding value obtained by using labelled 4-hydroxynonenal. © 1982.

Benedetti, A., Esterbauer, H., Ferrali, M., Fulceri, R., Comporti, M. (1982). Evidence for aldehydes bound to liver microsomal protein following CCl4 or BrCCl3 poisoning. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 711(2), 345-356 [10.1016/0005-2760(82)90044-3].

Evidence for aldehydes bound to liver microsomal protein following CCl4 or BrCCl3 poisoning

Benedetti, A.;Ferrali, M.;Fulceri, R.;Comporti, M.
1982-01-01

Abstract

Since it has been demonstrated in previous studies that peroxidation of liver microsomal lipids leads to the production of aldehydes provided with cytopathological activities-namely 4-hydroxyalkenals-evidence was searched for aldehydes bound to microsomal protein in in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) in which peroxidation of lipids of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum had been demonstrated previously. The spectrophotometric analysis of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-treated non-lipoidal residues of liver microsomes from the intoxicated rats shows absorption spectra similar to those observed for the dinitrophenylhydrazones formed in the reaction of alkenals with -SH groups of proteins or low molecular weight thiols. Similar spectra, although magnified from a quantitative point of view, were obtained either with liver microsomes allowed to react with synthetic 4-hydroxynonenal or with liver microsomes peroxidized in the NADPH-Fedependent system. A time-course study of microsomal lipid peroxidation shows that the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups in the non-lipoidal residue of liver microsomes increases with the incubation time and is correlated to the amount of thiobarbituric acid-reacting products formed in the incubation mixture. In both the in vivo conditions (CCl4 and BrCCl3 intoxications) the amount of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-reacting groups in the non-lipoidal residue of liver microsomes increases from 15 min up to 2 h after poisoning and is higher, in every instance, in the BrCCl3-intoxicated animals compared to the CCl4-poisoned ones. Experiments carried out to ascertain the reliability of the spectrophotometric detection of protein-bound alkenals showed that in the in vitro system in which liver microsomes are allowed to react with 4-hydroxynonenal there is a good agreement between the binding value that can be calculated from the absorption spectrum and the binding value obtained by using labelled 4-hydroxynonenal. © 1982.
Benedetti, A., Esterbauer, H., Ferrali, M., Fulceri, R., Comporti, M. (1982). Evidence for aldehydes bound to liver microsomal protein following CCl4 or BrCCl3 poisoning. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA, 711(2), 345-356 [10.1016/0005-2760(82)90044-3].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/27380
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