Taurine neuroinhibitory features have suggested its potential for neuroprotection. The aim of the present study was to assess whether it prevents or counteracts brain ischemia and reperfusion-induced cell injury. Rat brain cortical slices were subjected to oxygen/glucose deprivation and reperfusion. Tissue damage was assessed by measuring the release of glutamate and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) during reperfusion and by determining final tissue water gain, taken as an index of cell swelling. When added during the reperfusion period taurine did not significantly affect oxygen/glucose deprivation-induced LDH and glutamate release, while it antagonised tissue water gain in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50)=46.5 microM). The latter effect was antagonised by 50% when a taurine transport inhibitor, 2-(guanidino)ethanesulphonic acid (GES), or a GABA(A) receptor antagonist, bicuculline, was added together with taurine, while it was completely abolished when both GES and bicuculline or the volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) Cl(-) channel blocker, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB), was used. On the contrary, when present throughout the entire experiment, taurine significantly reduced oxygen/glucose deprivation-induced LDH and glutamate release with a maximal effect (45% reduction) between 5 and 20 mM. Taurine antagonised also tissue water gain according to a "U-shaped" concentration-response curve, which was significant within the range of 0.01-1.0 mM concentration. This effect was partially counteracted by GES as well as by bicuculline and fully reverted by NPPB. In conclusion, since brain edema is a major contributing factor to morbidity and mortality in stroke, the present findings give the rational basis for assessing taurine efficacy in reducing brain edema in vivo.
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|Titolo:||Protection by taurine of rat brain cortical slices against oxygen glucose deprivation- and reoxygenation-induced damage|
|Citazione:||Ricci, L., Valoti, M., Sgaragli, G.P., & Frosini, M. (2009). Protection by taurine of rat brain cortical slices against oxygen glucose deprivation- and reoxygenation-induced damage. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 621(1-3), 26-32.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|