Abstract BACKGROUND: The effective and early management of patients with acute symptoms due to carotid stenosis remains the subject of debate. The inability to predict who is at higher early risk of a recurrent stroke after a cerebrovascular event (transient ischemic attack [TIA] or stroke) may explain the variation in management of acute strokes from physician to physician and institution to institution. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of recently symptomatic patients with carotid stenosis treated with urgent or deferred carotid artery stenting (CAS) on the basis of a preidentified protocol in a single center. METHODS: From January 2006 to October 2008, 43 patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis greater than 70% underwent urgent or deferred CAS (26 TIA, 17 minor stroke). The exclusion criteria were major stroke, cerebral ischemic lesion greater than 2.5 cm as documented by a computed tomography scan, loss of consciousness, and signs of intracranial hemorrhage. Patients who had a TIA underwent urgent CAS within 24 hours of the cerebral event, while patients who had had a minor stroke underwent deferred CAS, performed within a short space of time from the event (treatment within 1 to 30 days from the onset of symptoms, according to the stabilization of cerebral symptoms: mean time, 6.5 days; range, 2 to 28 days). RESULTS: Successful stent implantation was achieved in all cases (100%), respecting the use of a cerebral protection device (filter device: 76%, proximal occlusion device: 24%). The new adverse events in the TIA patients at 1 month were 1 non-neurological death (3.8%) and 1 TIA (3.8%). In the minor stroke group, at 1 month, 10 of 17 patients (58.8%) experienced an improvement in their initial neurological deficit (decrease in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale less than 2), while in 35.3% of patients (6 of 17), the deficit remained stable, and only one patient had a neurological impairment.

Setacci, C., DE DONATO, G., Chisci, E., SETACCI F., C.A.S.I., ANN VASC SURG, R.S.P.A.S.C.E.X.P.E.R.I.E.N.C.E., & May, (2010). Carotid artery stenting in recently symptomatic patients: a single center experience. ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 24, 474-479.

Carotid artery stenting in recently symptomatic patients: a single center experience.

SETACCI, CARLO;
2010

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: The effective and early management of patients with acute symptoms due to carotid stenosis remains the subject of debate. The inability to predict who is at higher early risk of a recurrent stroke after a cerebrovascular event (transient ischemic attack [TIA] or stroke) may explain the variation in management of acute strokes from physician to physician and institution to institution. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of recently symptomatic patients with carotid stenosis treated with urgent or deferred carotid artery stenting (CAS) on the basis of a preidentified protocol in a single center. METHODS: From January 2006 to October 2008, 43 patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis greater than 70% underwent urgent or deferred CAS (26 TIA, 17 minor stroke). The exclusion criteria were major stroke, cerebral ischemic lesion greater than 2.5 cm as documented by a computed tomography scan, loss of consciousness, and signs of intracranial hemorrhage. Patients who had a TIA underwent urgent CAS within 24 hours of the cerebral event, while patients who had had a minor stroke underwent deferred CAS, performed within a short space of time from the event (treatment within 1 to 30 days from the onset of symptoms, according to the stabilization of cerebral symptoms: mean time, 6.5 days; range, 2 to 28 days). RESULTS: Successful stent implantation was achieved in all cases (100%), respecting the use of a cerebral protection device (filter device: 76%, proximal occlusion device: 24%). The new adverse events in the TIA patients at 1 month were 1 non-neurological death (3.8%) and 1 TIA (3.8%). In the minor stroke group, at 1 month, 10 of 17 patients (58.8%) experienced an improvement in their initial neurological deficit (decrease in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale less than 2), while in 35.3% of patients (6 of 17), the deficit remained stable, and only one patient had a neurological impairment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/27270
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