OBJECTIVE: Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is a placental neuropeptide that plays a role in the control of uteroplacental blood flow regulation. Because CRF has a relaxant effect on uterine vasculature in pregnant rats, we aimed to evaluate mid-gestation plasma CRF levels in women with impaired uterine artery blood flow. METHODS: Maternal plasma CRF was assayed by specific radioimmunoassay, and uterine artery resistance index (RI) was assessed by Doppler evaluation at 22-24 weeks' gestation in 55 healthy pregnant women, of whom 24 showed a unilateral or bilateral uterine artery notch, reflecting resistance. Statistical analysis was performed by the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the post hoc Dunn's test and the Spearman rank test. RESULTS: The mean uterine artery RI was significantly (P <.001) higher in women with a notch than in healthy controls. Mean +/- standard error of the mean maternal plasma CRF levels were significantly lower in women with a unilateral (168.45 +/- 27.5 pg/mL; P <.01) or bilateral (186.07 +/- 34.5 pg/mL; P <.001) uterine artery notch than in healthy control pregnant women (375.06 +/- 21.77 pg/mL). Although no difference was found in CRF levels between patients with a unilateral or bilateral uterine artery notch, a significant inverse correlation was found between the mean RI and maternal plasma CRF levels (Spearman r = -0.6540; 95% confidence interval, -0.7865, -0.4640; P <.001). CONCLUSION: Reduced levels of circulating CRF were associated with increased uterine artery resistance, which supports the hypothesis that CRF may regulate uterine artery tone at mid gestation.
|Titolo:||Impaired uterine artery blood flow at mid gestation and low levels of maternal plasma corticotropin-releasing factor.|
|Citazione:||Impaired uterine artery blood flow at mid gestation and low levels of maternal plasma corticotropin-releasing factor. / Florio, Pasquale; Severi, FILIBERTO MARIA; Fiore, Giovina; Micheli, Lucia; Bocchi, Caterina; Nencini, Cristina; Pezzani, I.; Giorgi, Giorgio; Petraglia, Felice. - In: JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR GYNECOLOGIC INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1071-5576. - STAMPA. - 10:5(2003), pp. 294-297.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|