Iron is released in a desferrioxamine (DFO)-chelatable form when erythrocytes are challenged by an oxidative stress. The release is increased when an accelerated removal of erythrocytes occurs such as in perinatal period, in which iron release is greater in hypoxic than in non-hypoxic newborns. This suggests that an hypoxic environment at birth promotes iron release. To test this possibility, iron release in a model of hypoxia, hypoxia-reoxygenation and normoxia was studied in newborn and adult erythrocytes. In newborn erythrocytes, hypoxia induced a much greater iron release compared to an equal period of normoxia. In adult erythrocytes, hypoxia also induced a greater iron release as compared to normoxia, but it was much lower than that seen with newborn erythrocytes. Methemoglobin (MetHb) formation roughly paralleled iron release. The phenylhydrazine-promoted superoxide anion (O(2)?(-)) production was greater with normoxic but lower with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults. This discrepancy between iron release and O(2)?(-) production may be explained by the shift towards MetHb in hemoglobin autoxidation. Iron diffusion out of the erythrocytes was much higher with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults. Also the binding of autologous IgG to band 3 dimers (AIgGB) is much greater with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults, suggesting that the level of iron release is related to the extent of band 3 clustering and that hypoxia accelerates removal of erythrocytes from bloodstream in in vivo condition.

Ciccoli, L., Rossi, V., Leoncini, S., Signorini, C., BLANCO-GARCIA, J., Aldinucci, C., et al. (2004). Iron release, superoxide production and binding of autologous IgG to band 3 dimers in newborn and adult erythrocytes exposed to hypoxia and hypoxia-reoxygenation. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS, 1672(3), 203-213 [10.1016/j.bbagen.2004.04.003].

Iron release, superoxide production and binding of autologous IgG to band 3 dimers in newborn and adult erythrocytes exposed to hypoxia and hypoxia-reoxygenation

CICCOLI, L.;LEONCINI, S.;SIGNORINI, C.;ALDINUCCI, C.;BUONOCORE, G.;COMPORTI, M.
2004-01-01

Abstract

Iron is released in a desferrioxamine (DFO)-chelatable form when erythrocytes are challenged by an oxidative stress. The release is increased when an accelerated removal of erythrocytes occurs such as in perinatal period, in which iron release is greater in hypoxic than in non-hypoxic newborns. This suggests that an hypoxic environment at birth promotes iron release. To test this possibility, iron release in a model of hypoxia, hypoxia-reoxygenation and normoxia was studied in newborn and adult erythrocytes. In newborn erythrocytes, hypoxia induced a much greater iron release compared to an equal period of normoxia. In adult erythrocytes, hypoxia also induced a greater iron release as compared to normoxia, but it was much lower than that seen with newborn erythrocytes. Methemoglobin (MetHb) formation roughly paralleled iron release. The phenylhydrazine-promoted superoxide anion (O(2)?(-)) production was greater with normoxic but lower with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults. This discrepancy between iron release and O(2)?(-) production may be explained by the shift towards MetHb in hemoglobin autoxidation. Iron diffusion out of the erythrocytes was much higher with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults. Also the binding of autologous IgG to band 3 dimers (AIgGB) is much greater with hypoxic erythrocytes from newborns as compared to that from adults, suggesting that the level of iron release is related to the extent of band 3 clustering and that hypoxia accelerates removal of erythrocytes from bloodstream in in vivo condition.
Ciccoli, L., Rossi, V., Leoncini, S., Signorini, C., BLANCO-GARCIA, J., Aldinucci, C., et al. (2004). Iron release, superoxide production and binding of autologous IgG to band 3 dimers in newborn and adult erythrocytes exposed to hypoxia and hypoxia-reoxygenation. BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS, 1672(3), 203-213 [10.1016/j.bbagen.2004.04.003].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/26993
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