OBJECTIVE: Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC) usually receive FOLFOX-4, or other oxaliplatin (L-HOP)-based regimens, until the occurrence of progressive disease, with an increase in the incidence of neurotoxicity which is correlated to the cumulative dose of L-HOP. The aim of this study was to evaluate if FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy is associated with a low incidence of severe neurotoxicity in the treatment of MCC patients. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were treated with FOLFOX-4 (L-HOP 85 mg/m(2) day 1, leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), 5-fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m(2) and 22 h 600 mg/m(2) days 1 and 2, every 2 weeks). Patients who achieved objective response (OR) or stable disease (SD) then received oral capecitabine 2,500 mg/m(2) days 1-14 every 3 weeks; L-HOP was reintroduced as soon as progression occurred. RESULTS: Twenty-eight of the 29 patients who achieved OR or SD then received capecitabine. FOLFOX-4 was reintroduced in 18 patients (56.2%). The median response duration (RD) was 9.2 months and median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.6 months. Twenty-eight patients (87.5%) had peripheral neuropathy during treatment, but grade 3 neurotoxicity was observed in only 1 patient (3.1%). CONCLUSIONS: FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy was associated with a very low incidence of grade 3 neurotoxicity. Although the number of patients enrolled was far too low for a definite conclusion, RD and PFS were comparable to those usually reported in the treatment of MCC patients.
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|Titolo:||FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.|
|Citazione:||Petrioli, R., Paolelli, L., Marsili, S., Civitelli, S., Francini, E., Cioppa, T., et al. (2006). FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. ONCOLOGY, 70(5), 345-350.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|