OBJECTIVE: Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC) usually receive FOLFOX-4, or other oxaliplatin (L-HOP)-based regimens, until the occurrence of progressive disease, with an increase in the incidence of neurotoxicity which is correlated to the cumulative dose of L-HOP. The aim of this study was to evaluate if FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy is associated with a low incidence of severe neurotoxicity in the treatment of MCC patients. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were treated with FOLFOX-4 (L-HOP 85 mg/m(2) day 1, leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), 5-fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m(2) and 22 h 600 mg/m(2) days 1 and 2, every 2 weeks). Patients who achieved objective response (OR) or stable disease (SD) then received oral capecitabine 2,500 mg/m(2) days 1-14 every 3 weeks; L-HOP was reintroduced as soon as progression occurred. RESULTS: Twenty-eight of the 29 patients who achieved OR or SD then received capecitabine. FOLFOX-4 was reintroduced in 18 patients (56.2%). The median response duration (RD) was 9.2 months and median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.6 months. Twenty-eight patients (87.5%) had peripheral neuropathy during treatment, but grade 3 neurotoxicity was observed in only 1 patient (3.1%). CONCLUSIONS: FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy was associated with a very low incidence of grade 3 neurotoxicity. Although the number of patients enrolled was far too low for a definite conclusion, RD and PFS were comparable to those usually reported in the treatment of MCC patients.

Petrioli, R., Paolelli, L., Marsili, S., Civitelli, S., Francini, E., Cioppa, T., et al. (2006). FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. ONCOLOGY, 70(5), 345-350 [10.1159/000098107].

FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.

CIVITELLI, SERENELLA;ROVIELLO, FRANCO;TANZINI, GABRIELLO;LORENZI, MARCO;FRANCINI, GUIDO
2006-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC) usually receive FOLFOX-4, or other oxaliplatin (L-HOP)-based regimens, until the occurrence of progressive disease, with an increase in the incidence of neurotoxicity which is correlated to the cumulative dose of L-HOP. The aim of this study was to evaluate if FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy is associated with a low incidence of severe neurotoxicity in the treatment of MCC patients. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were treated with FOLFOX-4 (L-HOP 85 mg/m(2) day 1, leucovorin 200 mg/m(2), 5-fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m(2) and 22 h 600 mg/m(2) days 1 and 2, every 2 weeks). Patients who achieved objective response (OR) or stable disease (SD) then received oral capecitabine 2,500 mg/m(2) days 1-14 every 3 weeks; L-HOP was reintroduced as soon as progression occurred. RESULTS: Twenty-eight of the 29 patients who achieved OR or SD then received capecitabine. FOLFOX-4 was reintroduced in 18 patients (56.2%). The median response duration (RD) was 9.2 months and median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.6 months. Twenty-eight patients (87.5%) had peripheral neuropathy during treatment, but grade 3 neurotoxicity was observed in only 1 patient (3.1%). CONCLUSIONS: FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy was associated with a very low incidence of grade 3 neurotoxicity. Although the number of patients enrolled was far too low for a definite conclusion, RD and PFS were comparable to those usually reported in the treatment of MCC patients.
Petrioli, R., Paolelli, L., Marsili, S., Civitelli, S., Francini, E., Cioppa, T., et al. (2006). FOLFOX-4 stop and go and capecitabine maintenance chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. ONCOLOGY, 70(5), 345-350 [10.1159/000098107].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/26991
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