Novel N-glycosylation sites are introduced by somatic mutation into the V genes of the majority of follicular lymphomas. Sites are positively selected and rare in normal memory B cells, indicating a potential role in tumour survival in the germinal centre (GC). The incidence of c. 40\% in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) parallels the known heterogeneity of the disease. Immunodeficiency-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) include post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related NHL (AIDS-NHL). Most PTLD derive from B cells that carry mutated VH genes and that have completed the GC reaction. All AIDS-NHL carry mutated VH genes and variable features of GC or post-GC cells. To determine if N-glycosylation is a feature of immunodeficiency-related lymphomas, we analysed the VH genes of 19 PTLD and 36 AIDS-NHL. Novel sites were rare in PTLD (4/19), similar to memory B cells (P = 0.15). AIDS-NHL, including DLBCL and Burkitt's lymphomas (BL), showed heterogeneity with 16 of 36 (44\%) having novel sites. The findings indicate no selection of N-glycosylation sites in PTLD, consistent with post-GC features. The variable incidence of N-glycosylation sites in AIDS-NHL mirrors that in DLBCL and sporadic BL of immunocompetent hosts, supporting the known heterogeneity of these disorders, and possibly pointing to distinct routes of tumour development.
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|Titolo:||Incidence of novel N-glycosylation sites in the B-cell receptor of lymphomas associated with immunodeficiency.|
|Citazione:||Forconi, F., D., C., E., B., D., R., A., G., M., C., et al. (2004). Incidence of novel N-glycosylation sites in the B-cell receptor of lymphomas associated with immunodeficiency. BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY, 124, 604-609.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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