Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the ablation rate of caries in dentin with fluorescence-feedback controlled Er:YAG, Variable Square Pulse technology (VSPt) based Er:YAG working in different pulse durations, and steel bur. Materials and methods: Sixty human molar teeth with caries in dentin, extracted for periodontal reasons, were selected for this study. All selected teeth were randomly divided into five groups, each containing twelve specimens: (1) group FFC, fluorescence feedback-controlled Er:YAG laser; (2) group SSP (super short pulse: 50 μs); (3) group MSP (medium short pulse; 100 μs); (4) group SP (short pulse; 300 μs); and (5) group SB, steel bur in a slow-speed hand piece. A profilometer was used to determine the volume of the ablated caries in dentin. The clinical and real ablation rates of caries in dentin were calculated. Two specimens from each experimental group were selected randomly and subjected to SEM examination. Results: The volumes of the ablated caries in dentin in the SSP and SB groups were statistically significantly different in comparison with other experimental groups (p<0.05). The clinical and real ablation rate of caries in dentin was the highest for the SSP group (0.15±0.05 and 0.17±0.05 mm(3)/sec, respectively) and statistically significantly different in comparison with the MSP and SB groups (p<0.05). The SB and FFC groups revealed a dentin surface with a smear layer and closed dentinal tubules on SEM micrographs. In the SSP, MSP, and SP groups, an irregular surface without a smear layer was found. Conclusions: Taking into consideration the experimental conditions of the present study, SSP was the most efficient in ablation of caries in dentin, providing a smear layer-free surface with open dentinal tubules.
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|Titolo:||Ablative potential of four different pulses of Er: YAG lasers and low-speed hand piece|
|Citazione:||Baraba, A., Perhavec, T., Chieffi, N., Ferrari, M., Anic, I., & Miletic, I. (2012). Ablative potential of four different pulses of Er: YAG lasers and low-speed hand piece. PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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