Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, is involved in several functions of eye pathophysiology, such as regulation of intraocular tension and retinal reactive vasoconstriction. As ET-1 pro-inflammatory and fibrosing activity is emerging in different fields of pathology, we investigated the expression of ET-1 and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) in chalazia, granulomatous lesions of the eyelid. ET-1 and ECE-1 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in twenty surgically removed chalazia, with regard to expression in eyelid structures and inflammatory infiltrate. Phenotype of ET-1 expressing inflammatory cells was established by double immunofluorescence. The cellular localization of prepro-ET-1 (pp-ET-1) mRNA and ECE-1 mRNA was studied by nonisotopic in situ hybridization (ISH). Neutrophils (PMNs), macrophages and T-lymphocytes were scattered in stroma, around alveoli and grouped in lipogranulomas. PMNs, macrophages, basal epithelium of meibomian adenomers and central ducts immunostained for ET-1. ECE-1 protein was found in meibomian adenomers, conjunctival epithelium, tarsal mucous glands and in inflammatory cells. Hybridization signals for pp-ET-1 mRNA and ECE-1 mRNA were recognized in healthy and degenerating meibomian ducts, adenomers, inflammatory cells, as well as in vessel walls. ECE-1 mRNA was also present in conjunctival epithelium and Henle's crypts. Our findings suggest that the multifunctional peptide ET-1 may have a role in molecular genesis of tissue damage in chalazia. ET-1 cytokine activity is likely to support the migration of inflammatory cells and the setting of lipogranulomas; ET-1 stimulation might contribute to proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen synthesis. ET-1 upregulation on meibomian adenomers and ducts may further enhance granulomas formation by stimulating lipid release.

Massai, L., Volpi, N., Carbotti, P., Fruschelli, M., Mencarelli, M., Pecorelli, A., et al. (2007). Endothelin-1 and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 in human granulomatous pathology of eyelid: an immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization study in chalazia. HISTOLOGY AND HISTOPATHOLOGY, 22(12), 1343-1354.

Endothelin-1 and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 in human granulomatous pathology of eyelid: an immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization study in chalazia.

VOLPI, NILA;FRUSCHELLI, MARIO;M. MENCARELLI;A. PECORELLI;MUSCETTOLA, MARIA MICHELA;AGLIANO', MARGHERITA;ALESSANDRINI, CARLO;GRASSO, GIOVANNI
2007-01-01

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, is involved in several functions of eye pathophysiology, such as regulation of intraocular tension and retinal reactive vasoconstriction. As ET-1 pro-inflammatory and fibrosing activity is emerging in different fields of pathology, we investigated the expression of ET-1 and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) in chalazia, granulomatous lesions of the eyelid. ET-1 and ECE-1 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in twenty surgically removed chalazia, with regard to expression in eyelid structures and inflammatory infiltrate. Phenotype of ET-1 expressing inflammatory cells was established by double immunofluorescence. The cellular localization of prepro-ET-1 (pp-ET-1) mRNA and ECE-1 mRNA was studied by nonisotopic in situ hybridization (ISH). Neutrophils (PMNs), macrophages and T-lymphocytes were scattered in stroma, around alveoli and grouped in lipogranulomas. PMNs, macrophages, basal epithelium of meibomian adenomers and central ducts immunostained for ET-1. ECE-1 protein was found in meibomian adenomers, conjunctival epithelium, tarsal mucous glands and in inflammatory cells. Hybridization signals for pp-ET-1 mRNA and ECE-1 mRNA were recognized in healthy and degenerating meibomian ducts, adenomers, inflammatory cells, as well as in vessel walls. ECE-1 mRNA was also present in conjunctival epithelium and Henle's crypts. Our findings suggest that the multifunctional peptide ET-1 may have a role in molecular genesis of tissue damage in chalazia. ET-1 cytokine activity is likely to support the migration of inflammatory cells and the setting of lipogranulomas; ET-1 stimulation might contribute to proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen synthesis. ET-1 upregulation on meibomian adenomers and ducts may further enhance granulomas formation by stimulating lipid release.
Massai, L., Volpi, N., Carbotti, P., Fruschelli, M., Mencarelli, M., Pecorelli, A., et al. (2007). Endothelin-1 and endothelin-converting enzyme-1 in human granulomatous pathology of eyelid: an immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization study in chalazia. HISTOLOGY AND HISTOPATHOLOGY, 22(12), 1343-1354.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/26699
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