N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) is a peptide released from myocardium in response to ventricular wall stress and dysfunction. Nt-proBNP plasma levels are elevated in a variety of cardiovascular disorders and are largely used for diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases. The cardiac cycle efficiency (CCE) is a haemodynamic variable that represents the left ventricle wall stress and the heart's effort to maintain an adequate blood flow to tissues. We investigated the relationship between Nt-proBNP and CCE values in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Twenty-five patients undergoing aortic valve replacement were studied. Plasma Nt-proBNP concentrations were performed by electroluminescence immunoassay before starting surgery (t0), at the end of extracorporeal circulation (t1) and 3 hours after surgery (t2). CCE measurements were acquired at the same intervals and correlations with Nt-proBNP levels were calculated. Nt-proBNP plasma concentration was 1430 ± 341 pg/ml at t0, peaked significantly at t1 (2129 ± 561 pg/ml, p<0.001) and moderately decreased at t2 (1924 ± 477 pg/ml, p<0.05). A direct correlation between Nt-proBNP measured at t0 and t1 was found (r=0.91, p<0.001). Overall, a negative correlation between CCE and proBNP values was found (r=-0.89, p<0.01). Correlations between CCE and Nt-proBNP were -0.91, -0.83 and -0.88, at t0, t1 and t2, respectively (p<0.01). Nt-proBNP levels reflect the severity of left ventricle dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. CCE correlated well with serum Nt-proBNP levels and seems to be a useful variable to monitor the left ventricular stress and recovery during the various phases of surgery.
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|Titolo:||Relationship between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) and cardiac cycle efficiency in cardiac surgery|
|Citazione:||Scolletta, S., Ranaldi, G., Carlucci, F., Franchi, F., Romano, S.m., & Biagioli, B. (2010). Relationship between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) and cardiac cycle efficiency in cardiac surgery. BIOMÉDECINE & PHARMACOTHÉRAPIE, 64(8), 511-515.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|