BJECTIVE: To test CD-34 immunoreactivity in stromal cornea cells in normal and pathologic samples obtained from penetrating keratoplasty. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive histopathologic human tissue study. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS: One hundred two cornea buttons from patients with different diseases, submitted for cornea transplant, were examined. Controls were expired corneas from healthy donor patients who died (n = 4), and globes enucleated for primitive intraocular neoplasias, that is, retinoblastomas (n = 8), and malignant choroidal melanomas (n = 2). METHODS: The expression of CD-34 in stromal cornea cells was examined by immunohistochemistry analysis. Other immunohistochemical stains included an endothelial cell marker (CD-31), common leukocyte antigen, and alpha-smooth muscle actin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Different diseases that may cause blindness and require penetrating keratoplasty have been tested for CD-34 immunoreactivity. RESULTS: In control corneas, keratocytes present strong and consistent CD-34 immunoreactivity. Diseases leading to the loss of transparency and penetrating keratoplasty, such as keratoconus, herpes keratitis, trauma, and heredofamilial dystrophies, are associated with focal or diffuse loss of CD-34 expression, whereas pseudophakic bullous keratopathy and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy show normal CD-34 immunoreactivity in most cases and patchy unstained stromal areas in a few cases. CONCLUSIONS: Scar tissue formation in the cornea, as in herpes keratitis and trauma, is always associated with loss of CD-34 immunoreactivity, which may otherwise be a primary event in keratoconus and heredofamilial dystrophies. Both in the pseudophakic bullous keratopathy and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy, CD-34 immunoreactivity may be normal or lost, hence these two diseases may be considered as one and part of the same group with regard to CD-34 expression, as revealed by immunohistochemistry analysis.
Toti, P., Tosi, G.M., Traversi, C., Schurfeld, K., Cardone, C., & Caporossi, A. (2002). CD-34 stromal expression pattern in normal and altered human corneas. OPHTHALMOLOGY, 109(6), 1167-1171.
|Titolo:||CD-34 stromal expression pattern in normal and altered human corneas|
|Citazione:||Toti, P., Tosi, G.M., Traversi, C., Schurfeld, K., Cardone, C., & Caporossi, A. (2002). CD-34 stromal expression pattern in normal and altered human corneas. OPHTHALMOLOGY, 109(6), 1167-1171.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|