The parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrp), structurally similar to the parathyroid hormone (PTH) in its NH2- terminal part, was first identified as a tumour-derived peptide responsible for a paraneoplastic syndrome known as humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. The PTHrp gene is expressed not only in cancer but also in normal tissues during adult and/or fetal life, where it plays predominantly paracrine and/or autocrine roles. In the skin PTHrp produced by keratinocytes acts on fibroblasts by complex cooperative circuits involving cytokines and growth factors. In this report, we studied the direct effects of synthetic PTHrp 1–40 on proliferation and collagen synthesis and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity in cultures of fibroblasts isolated from normal human skin. Fibroblasts exposure to varying doses of PTHrp for 48h, significantly and dose-dependently inhibited proliferation evaluated by [3 H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA. A dose-dependent stimulation of cAMP released into the medium was concomitantly observed. In contrast, PTHrp had no effect on collagen synthesis evaluated either by [3 H]-proline incorporation or by radioimmunoassay (RIA) of the carboxyterminal fragment of type I procollagen (PICP). MMP-2 activity, evaluated by quantitative zymographic analysis, was significantly increased by PTHrp treatment at doses of 160 and 320nM. These findings indicate that PTHrp may play a role in normal dermal physiology by controlling both fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix degradation.

Maioli, E., Fortino, V., Torricelli, C., Arezzini, B., Gardi, C. (2002). Effect of parathyroid hormone related protein on fibroblast proliferation and collagen metabolism in human skin. EXPERIMENTAL DERMATOLOGY, 11(4), 302-310 [10.1034/j.1600-0625.2002.110403.x].

Effect of parathyroid hormone related protein on fibroblast proliferation and collagen metabolism in human skin

Maioli, E.;Fortino, V.;Torricelli, C.;Arezzini, B.;Gardi, C.
2002-01-01

Abstract

The parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrp), structurally similar to the parathyroid hormone (PTH) in its NH2- terminal part, was first identified as a tumour-derived peptide responsible for a paraneoplastic syndrome known as humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. The PTHrp gene is expressed not only in cancer but also in normal tissues during adult and/or fetal life, where it plays predominantly paracrine and/or autocrine roles. In the skin PTHrp produced by keratinocytes acts on fibroblasts by complex cooperative circuits involving cytokines and growth factors. In this report, we studied the direct effects of synthetic PTHrp 1–40 on proliferation and collagen synthesis and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity in cultures of fibroblasts isolated from normal human skin. Fibroblasts exposure to varying doses of PTHrp for 48h, significantly and dose-dependently inhibited proliferation evaluated by [3 H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA. A dose-dependent stimulation of cAMP released into the medium was concomitantly observed. In contrast, PTHrp had no effect on collagen synthesis evaluated either by [3 H]-proline incorporation or by radioimmunoassay (RIA) of the carboxyterminal fragment of type I procollagen (PICP). MMP-2 activity, evaluated by quantitative zymographic analysis, was significantly increased by PTHrp treatment at doses of 160 and 320nM. These findings indicate that PTHrp may play a role in normal dermal physiology by controlling both fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix degradation.
Maioli, E., Fortino, V., Torricelli, C., Arezzini, B., Gardi, C. (2002). Effect of parathyroid hormone related protein on fibroblast proliferation and collagen metabolism in human skin. EXPERIMENTAL DERMATOLOGY, 11(4), 302-310 [10.1034/j.1600-0625.2002.110403.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/25428
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