The aim of the present investigation was to compare mechanical responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), as well as cholinergic and non-adrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission in guinea-pig, rat, monkey and human detrusor muscle strips. Responses to EFS (0.05, 0.5 and 1 ms pulse duration, 50 V, 1-15 Hz) of guinea-pig, rat, monkey and human detrusor muscle strips were recorded isometrically before and after blockade of muscarinic receptors and/or P2-purinoreceptors, as well as after desensitisation of P2-purinoceptors or blockade of the nerve impulse propagation. Single pulses of 0.05 ms duration elicited responses, in either guinea-pig or rat detrusor strips, which were abolished by tetrodotoxin (TTX), thus suggesting their neurogenic nature. In monkey and human detrusor strips, however, the same single pulses were not sufficient to generate contractile responses. The response of either rat or guinea-pig strips to single pulses of 0.5 ms and 1 ms duration was mainly myogenic in nature. While in rat and guinea-pig strips the neurogenic response was only partly reduced in the presence of atropine, in monkey and human strips it was abolished. In the presence of atropine, while suramin only partially reduced the EFS response either in rat or guinea-pig detrusor strips, a complete alpha,beta-methyleneATP-sensitive response was evident in guinea-pig detrusor strips. This suggests the involvement of other transmitter(s) beyond ATP in the NANC response of rat detrusor strips.
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|Titolo:||Mechanical response to electrical field stimulation of rat, guinea-pig, monkey and human detrusor muscle: a comparative study.|
|Citazione:||Pessina, F., K., M., R., K., Sgaragli, G.P., A., M., & K., M. (2001). Mechanical response to electrical field stimulation of rat, guinea-pig, monkey and human detrusor muscle: a comparative study. NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERG'S ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY, 363, 543-550.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|