OBJECTIVE: Urocortin 2 (UCN2) and urocortin 3 (UCN 3) are recently identified neuropeptides showing homology to corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). In the present study, we evaluated their expression and localization in gestational tissues (placenta, decidua, fetal membranes), and their effect on placental adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed in a tertiary clinical care center. Tissues were obtained at first (n = 8; 8-11 weeks of pregnancy) and third (n = 8; 38-40 gestational weeks) trimester. The mRNA expression was evaluated by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR); the cellular localization by immunohistochemistry; ACTH levels were measured in media collected from cultured placental villi. RESULTS: All tissues analyzed expressed UCN2 and UCN3 mRNA. UCN2 and UCN3 were localized in cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast cells; UCN2 was present in maternal and fetal vessels and in amniotic cells, while UCN3 was absent. Finally, UCN2 and UCN3 did not stimulate ACTH secretion. CONCLUSION: Gestational tissues differentially express UCN2 and UCN3 and, despite their homology to CRF, they did not stimulate placental ACTH secretion.

Imperatore, A., Florio, P., Torres, P.B., Torricelli, M., Galleri, L., Toti, P., et al. (2006). Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 are expressed by the human placenta, deciduas, and fetal membranes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 195(1), 288-295 [10.1016/j.ajog.2005.12.048].

Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 are expressed by the human placenta, deciduas, and fetal membranes

IMPERATORE, A.;FLORIO, P.;TORRICELLI, M.;GALLERI, L.;TOTI, P.;OCCHINI, R.;PICCIOLINI, E.;
2006-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Urocortin 2 (UCN2) and urocortin 3 (UCN 3) are recently identified neuropeptides showing homology to corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). In the present study, we evaluated their expression and localization in gestational tissues (placenta, decidua, fetal membranes), and their effect on placental adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed in a tertiary clinical care center. Tissues were obtained at first (n = 8; 8-11 weeks of pregnancy) and third (n = 8; 38-40 gestational weeks) trimester. The mRNA expression was evaluated by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR); the cellular localization by immunohistochemistry; ACTH levels were measured in media collected from cultured placental villi. RESULTS: All tissues analyzed expressed UCN2 and UCN3 mRNA. UCN2 and UCN3 were localized in cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast cells; UCN2 was present in maternal and fetal vessels and in amniotic cells, while UCN3 was absent. Finally, UCN2 and UCN3 did not stimulate ACTH secretion. CONCLUSION: Gestational tissues differentially express UCN2 and UCN3 and, despite their homology to CRF, they did not stimulate placental ACTH secretion.
Imperatore, A., Florio, P., Torres, P.B., Torricelli, M., Galleri, L., Toti, P., et al. (2006). Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 are expressed by the human placenta, deciduas, and fetal membranes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, 195(1), 288-295 [10.1016/j.ajog.2005.12.048].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/24947
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