BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases represent the leading cause of death in Italy and one of the most frequent cause of disability in the elderly. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of age and sex of patient on the utilisation of cardiac procedure and interventions in Italy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 2805 patients' medical case notes in cardiology, internal medicine and elderly clinics in six Italian Regions during the period 1996-1997, considering coronary catheterisation (CC), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PCTA), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), thrombolysis (THR) and permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. RESULTS: Older patients (more than 75 years old) were less likely to undergo CC (OR=0.062). Trends for age and sex did not achieve significance for CAGB (OR=0.815 for older patient). Age is a strong predictor of receiving PTCA, with the oldest group of patients being discriminated (OR=0.093 for people older than 75 years), and the same trend was observed for THR (OR=0.264 for patients older than 75 years). For PPM, older patient has a higher likelihood of receiving this type of intervention (OR=3.45 for 65-74 years, and OR=7.77 for patients older than 75 years). As far as gender of patients is concerned, statistically significant differences for all cardiac procedures or interventions considered were not found. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical management of older patients with cardiac disease in Italy may be different from that of younger patients. One possible explanation would be that these patients are being discriminated against mainly because of their age.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Age- and sex-related utilisation of cardiac procedures and interventions: a multicentric study in Italy|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|