We performed a short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) therapy in 11 patients affected by various primary mitochondrial disorders. Independent measures of oxidative metabolism (venous blood metabolites, exercise testing, phosphorus magnetic resonance [MR] spectroscopy of muscle, and proton MR spectroscopy of brain) were used in order to monitor metabolic responses to the drug. One week of DCA treatment produced significant decreases (p < 0.05) in blood lactate, pyruvate, and alanine at rest and after bicycle exercise. Proton MR spectra collected from a supraventricular volume of interest in brain of seven of 11 patients also showed significant changes. Brain lactate/creatine ratio decreased by 42% during DCA treatment (p < 0.05). Brain choline/creatine ratio (which is low in patients with myelinopathies) increased by 18% (p < 0.01) after therapy. N-Acetylaspartate/creatine ratio (an index of neuronal damage or loss) increased by 8% after treatment (p < 0.05). Proton MR spectra collected in two of 11 patients from a volume of interest including the basal ganglia showed similar results (decrease of 36.6% in lactate/creatine; increases of 16% in choline/creatine and 4.5% in N-acetylaspartate/creatine). Phosphorus MR spectroscopy of muscle and self-assessed clinical disability were unchanged. Our study indicates that short-term DCA treatment not only lowers blood lactate but also improves indices of both brain oxidative metabolism and neuronal and glial density or function.

DE STEFANO, N., Matthews, P.m., Ford, B., Genge, A., Karpati, G., & Arnold, D.l. (1995). Short-term dichloroacetate treatment improves indices of cerebral metabolism in patients with mitochondrial disorders. NEUROLOGY, 45(6), 1193-1198.

Short-term dichloroacetate treatment improves indices of cerebral metabolism in patients with mitochondrial disorders.

DE STEFANO, NICOLA;
1995

Abstract

We performed a short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) therapy in 11 patients affected by various primary mitochondrial disorders. Independent measures of oxidative metabolism (venous blood metabolites, exercise testing, phosphorus magnetic resonance [MR] spectroscopy of muscle, and proton MR spectroscopy of brain) were used in order to monitor metabolic responses to the drug. One week of DCA treatment produced significant decreases (p < 0.05) in blood lactate, pyruvate, and alanine at rest and after bicycle exercise. Proton MR spectra collected from a supraventricular volume of interest in brain of seven of 11 patients also showed significant changes. Brain lactate/creatine ratio decreased by 42% during DCA treatment (p < 0.05). Brain choline/creatine ratio (which is low in patients with myelinopathies) increased by 18% (p < 0.01) after therapy. N-Acetylaspartate/creatine ratio (an index of neuronal damage or loss) increased by 8% after treatment (p < 0.05). Proton MR spectra collected in two of 11 patients from a volume of interest including the basal ganglia showed similar results (decrease of 36.6% in lactate/creatine; increases of 16% in choline/creatine and 4.5% in N-acetylaspartate/creatine). Phosphorus MR spectroscopy of muscle and self-assessed clinical disability were unchanged. Our study indicates that short-term DCA treatment not only lowers blood lactate but also improves indices of both brain oxidative metabolism and neuronal and glial density or function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/24330
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