We have investigated the role of triglyceride-fatty acid cycling in amplifying control of the net flux of fatty acids in response to exercise and in recovery from exercise. Five normal volunteers were infused with [1-13C]palmitate and D-5-glycerol throughout rest, 4 h of treadmill exercise at 40% maximum O2 consumption, and 2 h of recovery. Total fat oxidation was quantified by indirect calorimetry. Lipolysis (rate of appearance of glycerol) increased from 2.1 +/- 0.3 to 6.0 +/- 1.2 mumol.kg-1.min-1 after 30 min of exercise and progressively increased thereafter to a value of 10.5 +/- 0.8 mumol.kg-1.min-1 after 4 h. Lipolysis decreased rapidly during the first 20 min of recovery, but it was still significantly elevated after 2 h of recovery. The rate of appearance of free fatty acids followed the same pattern of response. Seventy percent of released fatty acids were reesterified at rest, and this value decreased to 25% within the first 30 min of exercise. Reesterification remained less than 35% of lipolysis until the start of recovery, at which time the value rose to 90%. In exercise, more than one-half the increase in fat oxidation could be attributed to the reduction in the percent reesterification. Most of the change in percent reesterification during exercise and recovery was caused by changes in extracellular cycling of fatty acids released into plasma. We conclude that triglyceride-fatty acid cycling plays an important role in enabling a rapid response of fatty acid metabolism to major changes in energy metabolism.
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|Titolo:||Role of triglyceride-fatty acid cycle in controlling fat metabolism in humans during and after exercise|
|Rivista:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY|
|Citazione:||WOLFE R., R., Klein, S., Carraro, F., & Weber, J.M. (1990). Role of triglyceride-fatty acid cycle in controlling fat metabolism in humans during and after exercise. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 258(2), E382-E389.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|