BACKGROUND: In order to clarify the relationship between chromosomal rearrangements, sperm morphology and interchromosomal effects (ICE), we studied the spermatogenetic defects in seven infertile Robertsonian translocation carriers. METHODS: Lymphocyte karyotypes were evaluated using Giemsa-Trypsin-Giemsa banding and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). Semen analysis was performed by light and transmission electron microscopy. FISH of sperm nuclei was carried out to detect possible ICE. RESULTS: Lymphocyte karyotype analysis revealed five t(13;14), one t(13;21) and one t(14;22) carriers. Sperm ultrastructural examination highlighted a higher percentage of immaturity, apoptosis and necrosis than in controls. Aneuploidies of gonosomes were detected in sperm from five out of six carriers of Robertsonian translocation, whereas aneuploidy of chromosome 18 was evident in three out of six carriers. The frequencies of diploidy were altered in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Since these infertile patients showed severe spermatogenetic impairment from the morphological and meiotic points of view, we recommend detailed sperm ultrastructural and chromosomal analysis before undertaking ICSI cycles in Robertsonian translocation carriers.

Baccetti, B., Collodel, G., Marzella, R., Moretti, E., Piomboni, P., Scapigliati, G., et al. (2005). Ultrastructural studies of spermatozoa from infertile males with Robertsonian translocations and 18, X, Y aneuploidies. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 20(8), 2295-2300 [10.1093/humrep/dei050].

Ultrastructural studies of spermatozoa from infertile males with Robertsonian translocations and 18, X, Y aneuploidies

BACCETTI, B.;COLLODEL, G.;MORETTI, E.;PIOMBONI, P.;SCAPIGLIATI, G.;SERAFINI, F.
2005-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In order to clarify the relationship between chromosomal rearrangements, sperm morphology and interchromosomal effects (ICE), we studied the spermatogenetic defects in seven infertile Robertsonian translocation carriers. METHODS: Lymphocyte karyotypes were evaluated using Giemsa-Trypsin-Giemsa banding and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). Semen analysis was performed by light and transmission electron microscopy. FISH of sperm nuclei was carried out to detect possible ICE. RESULTS: Lymphocyte karyotype analysis revealed five t(13;14), one t(13;21) and one t(14;22) carriers. Sperm ultrastructural examination highlighted a higher percentage of immaturity, apoptosis and necrosis than in controls. Aneuploidies of gonosomes were detected in sperm from five out of six carriers of Robertsonian translocation, whereas aneuploidy of chromosome 18 was evident in three out of six carriers. The frequencies of diploidy were altered in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Since these infertile patients showed severe spermatogenetic impairment from the morphological and meiotic points of view, we recommend detailed sperm ultrastructural and chromosomal analysis before undertaking ICSI cycles in Robertsonian translocation carriers.
Baccetti, B., Collodel, G., Marzella, R., Moretti, E., Piomboni, P., Scapigliati, G., et al. (2005). Ultrastructural studies of spermatozoa from infertile males with Robertsonian translocations and 18, X, Y aneuploidies. HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 20(8), 2295-2300 [10.1093/humrep/dei050].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/24163
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