In Tettigoniidae (Orthoptera), male reproductive accessory glands are involved in the construction of a two-part spermatophore; one part, the spermatophylax, is devoid of sperm and considered a nuptial gift. The morphology, ultrastructure, and secretion protein content of the male reproductive accessory glands from Bolivarius siculus were investigated. Two main groups of gland tubules open into the ejaculatory duct: the "first-order" glands, a number of large anterior tubules, and the "second-order" glands, smaller and more numerous tubules positioned posteriorly. Along with a further subdivision of the gland tubules, we here describe for the first time an additional gland group, the intermediate tubules, which open between first and second-order glands. The mesoderm-derived epithelium of all glands is a single layer of microvillated cells, which can be either flattened or cylindric in the proximal or distal region of the same gland. Epithelial cells, very rich in RER and Golgi systems, produce secretions of both electron-dense granules and globules or electron-transparent material, discharged into the gland lumen by apocrine or merocrine mechanisms, respectively. With one exception, a unique electrophoresis protein profile was displayed by each of the gland types, paralleling their unique morphologies. To assess the contribution of different types of accessory glands to the construction of the spermatophore, the protein patterns of the gland secretions were compared with those of the extracts from the two parts of the spermatophore. All samples showed bands distributed in a wide range of molecular weight, including proteins of very low molecular mass. However, one major high molecular weight protein band (>180 kDa) is seen exclusively in extracts from the first-order glands, and corresponds to an important protein component of the spermatophylax.

Marchini, D., BRUNDO M., V., Sottile, L., & Viscuso, R. (2009). Structure of male accessory glands of Bolivarius siculus (Fiscer) (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae) and protein analysis of their secretions. JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY, 270, 880-891 [10.1002/jmor.10727].

Structure of male accessory glands of Bolivarius siculus (Fiscer) (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae) and protein analysis of their secretions

MARCHINI, DANIELA;
2009

Abstract

In Tettigoniidae (Orthoptera), male reproductive accessory glands are involved in the construction of a two-part spermatophore; one part, the spermatophylax, is devoid of sperm and considered a nuptial gift. The morphology, ultrastructure, and secretion protein content of the male reproductive accessory glands from Bolivarius siculus were investigated. Two main groups of gland tubules open into the ejaculatory duct: the "first-order" glands, a number of large anterior tubules, and the "second-order" glands, smaller and more numerous tubules positioned posteriorly. Along with a further subdivision of the gland tubules, we here describe for the first time an additional gland group, the intermediate tubules, which open between first and second-order glands. The mesoderm-derived epithelium of all glands is a single layer of microvillated cells, which can be either flattened or cylindric in the proximal or distal region of the same gland. Epithelial cells, very rich in RER and Golgi systems, produce secretions of both electron-dense granules and globules or electron-transparent material, discharged into the gland lumen by apocrine or merocrine mechanisms, respectively. With one exception, a unique electrophoresis protein profile was displayed by each of the gland types, paralleling their unique morphologies. To assess the contribution of different types of accessory glands to the construction of the spermatophore, the protein patterns of the gland secretions were compared with those of the extracts from the two parts of the spermatophore. All samples showed bands distributed in a wide range of molecular weight, including proteins of very low molecular mass. However, one major high molecular weight protein band (>180 kDa) is seen exclusively in extracts from the first-order glands, and corresponds to an important protein component of the spermatophylax.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/24118
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