Hypoxia modulates the expression of inflammatory mediators in a variety of cell types. Since interleukin (IL-)1 receptor antagonist (Ra) is a cytokine widely associated with an inflammatory state and is expressed by activated mononuclear cells, we investigated whether hypoxia induces IL-1Ra expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) activated by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). RNase protection assay, conducted on PHA-activated PBMC cultured under hypoxic conditions (2% O(2)) for 16-40 h, revealed that hypoxia enhances IL-1Ra mRNA expression. Further, IL-1Ra release was significantly affected by hypoxia, as determined by ELISA. Concomitantly, hypoxia enhanced, even though at a lesser extent, both IL-1alpha and IL-1beta mRNA expression and release, as determined by RPA and ELISA. However, at 40 h of treatment, hypoxia did not affect cell viability and DNA fragmentation, but caused an inhibition of the proliferation index after PHA stimulation, obtained by MTT assay. These results suggest that activated mononuclear cells tend to respond to hypoxic stress by modulating the expression of IL-1Ra and IL-1-related molecules and their release in the surrounding microenvironment.

Naldini, A., Pucci, A., Carraro, F. (2001). Hypoxia induces the expression and release of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist in mitogen-activated mononuclear cells. CYTOKINE, 13(6), 334-341 [10.1006/cyto.2001.0842].

Hypoxia induces the expression and release of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist in mitogen-activated mononuclear cells

NALDINI, A.;PUCCI, A.;CARRARO, F.
2001-01-01

Abstract

Hypoxia modulates the expression of inflammatory mediators in a variety of cell types. Since interleukin (IL-)1 receptor antagonist (Ra) is a cytokine widely associated with an inflammatory state and is expressed by activated mononuclear cells, we investigated whether hypoxia induces IL-1Ra expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) activated by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). RNase protection assay, conducted on PHA-activated PBMC cultured under hypoxic conditions (2% O(2)) for 16-40 h, revealed that hypoxia enhances IL-1Ra mRNA expression. Further, IL-1Ra release was significantly affected by hypoxia, as determined by ELISA. Concomitantly, hypoxia enhanced, even though at a lesser extent, both IL-1alpha and IL-1beta mRNA expression and release, as determined by RPA and ELISA. However, at 40 h of treatment, hypoxia did not affect cell viability and DNA fragmentation, but caused an inhibition of the proliferation index after PHA stimulation, obtained by MTT assay. These results suggest that activated mononuclear cells tend to respond to hypoxic stress by modulating the expression of IL-1Ra and IL-1-related molecules and their release in the surrounding microenvironment.
Naldini, A., Pucci, A., Carraro, F. (2001). Hypoxia induces the expression and release of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist in mitogen-activated mononuclear cells. CYTOKINE, 13(6), 334-341 [10.1006/cyto.2001.0842].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/23767
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