Archeological and paleo-environmental researches carried on the Grotta Grande site, near Scario (Salerno, Campania, Southern Italy) illustrate the importance of a multidisciplinary approach among archeologists, palynologists and paleontologists. The morphology of the cave and sedimentary processes were controlled by eustatic fluctuations during the late Middle Pleistocene and the early Late Pleistocene. The cave was frequented by humans of Middle Palaeolithic culture. Archaeological and faunal record of the two trenches (A and F) can be positioned within the climatic fluctuation posterior to the warm interglacial MIS 5e peak. Pollen have been retrieved in the older series (bec) of trench A, referable to MIS 7/6. The most important archaeological finds are the occurrence of structures that indicate the living space (trench F) together with hearths and lithic industry. The latter is characterised by the presence of the Levallois system and by the prevalence of sidescrapers among tools. Large and small mammal remains recovered within the two trenches show that in the neighbourhood of the site, a diversified assemblage occurred, including eleven large mammals, among which the hippo, the straight tusked elephant and the narrow-nosed rhino are noteworthy, and fourteen small mammal taxa, mainly rodents, with a significant amount of glirids. The fauna and pollen composition is indicative of a temperate, forested Mediterranean environment. Some variations of faunal composition suggest that environments underwent some minor fluctuations towards cooler and/or drier landscapes.
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|Titolo:||The Grotta Grande of Scario (Salerno, Italy): Archaeology and environment during the last interglacial (MIS 5) of the Mediterranean region|
|Citazione:||Ronchitelli, A.M., Boscato, P., Surdi, G., Masini, F., Petruso, D., Accorsi, C.A., et al. (2011). The Grotta Grande of Scario (Salerno, Italy): Archaeology and environment during the last interglacial (MIS 5) of the Mediterranean region. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 231, 95-109.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|