BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although sudden death (SD) accounts for numerous cases of premature mortality in patients with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), the risk factors responsible for this dramatic event remain unclear. We sought possible differences in the QT variability index (QTVI) -- a well-known index of temporal dispersion in myocardial repolarization strongly associated with the risk of SD -- between a group of patients with CADASIL and healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 13 patients with CADASIL and 13 healthy volunteers underwent a 5-min electrocardiogram recording to calculate the QTVI. All the patients also underwent a clinical assessment, including functional status by Rankin score, and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan for quantitative analysis of T2-weighted (T2-W) and T1-weighted (T1-W) lesion volume (LV). RESULTS: Short-term QT-interval analysis showed significantly higher QTVI (P = 0.029) in patients than in controls. In patients, notwithstanding the limitations of the small sample size, QTVI also well correlated with T1-W LV (r = 0.747, P = 0.003) and T2-W LV (r = 0.731, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Because patients with CADASIL have increased temporal cardiac repolarization variability as assessed by QTVI, this mechanism could underlie these patients' risk of SD. Whether this easily assessed, non-invasive marker could be used to stratify the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients with CADASIL and, possibly, to guide their therapeutic management warrants confirmation from larger prospective studies.

Piccirillo, G., Magrì, D., Mitra, M., Rufa, A., Zicari, E., Stromillo, M.L., et al. (2008). Increased QT variability in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 15(11), 1216-1221 [10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02300.x].

Increased QT variability in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy.

RUFA, ALESSANDRA;ZICARI, ENZA;STROMILLO, MARIA LAURA;DE STEFANO, NICOLA;DOTTI, MARIA
2008-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although sudden death (SD) accounts for numerous cases of premature mortality in patients with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), the risk factors responsible for this dramatic event remain unclear. We sought possible differences in the QT variability index (QTVI) -- a well-known index of temporal dispersion in myocardial repolarization strongly associated with the risk of SD -- between a group of patients with CADASIL and healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 13 patients with CADASIL and 13 healthy volunteers underwent a 5-min electrocardiogram recording to calculate the QTVI. All the patients also underwent a clinical assessment, including functional status by Rankin score, and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan for quantitative analysis of T2-weighted (T2-W) and T1-weighted (T1-W) lesion volume (LV). RESULTS: Short-term QT-interval analysis showed significantly higher QTVI (P = 0.029) in patients than in controls. In patients, notwithstanding the limitations of the small sample size, QTVI also well correlated with T1-W LV (r = 0.747, P = 0.003) and T2-W LV (r = 0.731, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Because patients with CADASIL have increased temporal cardiac repolarization variability as assessed by QTVI, this mechanism could underlie these patients' risk of SD. Whether this easily assessed, non-invasive marker could be used to stratify the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients with CADASIL and, possibly, to guide their therapeutic management warrants confirmation from larger prospective studies.
Piccirillo, G., Magrì, D., Mitra, M., Rufa, A., Zicari, E., Stromillo, M.L., et al. (2008). Increased QT variability in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 15(11), 1216-1221 [10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02300.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/23457
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