The purpose of this study was to describe the growth pattern of congenital malignant teratoid medulloepithelioma of the ciliary body by reporting clinical and imaging findings with pathological correlation. An 11-month-old little girl presented with a whitish-pink iris mass in the right eye resulting from a small ciliary body mass consistent with medulloepithelioma at both clinical and computed tomography (CT) findings. At CT, the lesion showed heterogeneous attenuation, without intraocular calcifications. Eleven months later, clinical and ultrabiomicroscopy showed a clear enlargement of the mass, which invaded the pupil. At magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the lesion showed T1-weighted hyperintensity and T2-weighted slight hypointensity when compared to the vitreous and a notch in the anterolateral aspect of the ipsilateral lens. After intravenous gadolinium administration, the lesion showed intense homogeneous enhancement, and there was leakage of gadolinium in the anterior chamber, resulting from impairment of blood-aqueous barrier. Biopsy revealed a malignant teratoid medulloepithelioma. The eye was then enucleated, and histology confirmed the diagnosis. Systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy were not performed, since there was no extraocular extension. The 57-month clinical and MRI follow-up did not show disease relapse. This uncommon case displays the natural history of congenital malignant teratoid medulloepithelioma of the ciliary body. While the tumour might have been successfully treated by local excision at diagnosis, the delay in surgical treatment led to tumour overgrowth with consequent need for enucleation. The most important prognostic feature is extraocular extension, which carries a risk of local recurrence, eventually resulting in intracranial extension and/or lymphatic spread.
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|Titolo:||Growth of congenital malignant teratoid medulloepithelioma of the ciliary body: a case study.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|