The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedure has long been associated with a generalized immunosuppression. To understand further the cytokine-mediated regulation of the complex physiological and immunological changes induced by CPB, the authors decided to investigate whether CPB affects the release of interleukin (IL)-10, as well as other cytokines, in correlation to the inhibition of T cell responses. Using phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) as mitogen and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from patients undergoing CPB, we investigated whether this procedure has an effect on the secretion of different patterns of cytokines (Th1- and Th2-type) and PBMC proliferation. In all patients, CPB significantly enhances IL-10 and IL-6 production in resting and PHA-stimulated PBMC. On the other hand, IL-2 production, in response to PHA, was significantly diminished. Reduced IL-2 and enhanced IL-10 production were associated with a significant decrease in PBMC proliferation. Immunosuppression was also associated to lymphopenia, while neutrophil counts were significantly enhanced. These results show that after CPB there is a transient but clear unbalanced immune response demonstrated by a differentiated production of Th1- and Th2-type cytokines. The release of different patterns of cytokines observed after CPB may be helpful in understanding and preventing the development of infectious and immune complications in surgical procedure employing CPB.
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|Titolo:||Interleukin 10 production in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence of inhibition of th-1-type responses.|
|Citazione:||Naldini, A., Borrelli, E., Carraro, F., Giomarelli, P., & Toscano, M. (1999). Interleukin 10 production in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence of inhibition of th-1-type responses. CYTOKINE, 11(1), 74-79.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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