Background Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in antigen presentation and regulation of immune responses, and strong evidence suggests their involvement in the pathogenesis of allergy. However, hitherto, DC–T-cell cross-talk in relation to IgE-mediated allergic reactions to food has not been investigated. Objective Our aim was to investigate T cell–mediated apoptosis of myeloid DCs from spleen and Peyer's patches of mice with cow's milk (CM) allergy after cognate interaction with antigen (CM)–specific T cells. Methods Freshly isolated myeloid CD11c+/hi/B220− DCs from spleen and Peyer's patches of mice with CM allergy and control mice were cultured with CM-specific T cells in the presence or absence of CM or unrelated antigen as a control. Levels of apoptosis in DCs were evaluated by assessing propidium iodide uptake and annexin V expression by means of flow cytometry. Results We observed that both systemic and gastrointestinal-derived DCs showed an increased resistance to T cell–mediated cell death compared with DCs from control but not allergic donors. Further experiments demonstrated that in both allergic and control mice, T cell–mediated DC apoptosis takes place exclusively in the presence of the specific antigen, is MHC II dependent, and is only partially CD95-CD95 ligand dependent. Conclusion Here we demonstrate, for the first time, that the reciprocal, finely balanced regulation between these 2 cell types, which plays a central role in controlling immune responses, is altered in allergy. We hypothesize that these events are likely to have a profound influence on the genesis and maintenance of adverse reaction to food.

Man, A., Bertelli, E., Regoli, M., Chambers, S.J., Nicoletti, C. (2004). Antigen-specific T cell-mediated apoptosis of dendritic cells is impaired in a mouse model of food allergy. JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, 113(5), 965-972 [10.1016/j.jaci.2004.02.038].

Antigen-specific T cell-mediated apoptosis of dendritic cells is impaired in a mouse model of food allergy

BERTELLI, Eugenio;REGOLI, Marì;
2004-01-01

Abstract

Background Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in antigen presentation and regulation of immune responses, and strong evidence suggests their involvement in the pathogenesis of allergy. However, hitherto, DC–T-cell cross-talk in relation to IgE-mediated allergic reactions to food has not been investigated. Objective Our aim was to investigate T cell–mediated apoptosis of myeloid DCs from spleen and Peyer's patches of mice with cow's milk (CM) allergy after cognate interaction with antigen (CM)–specific T cells. Methods Freshly isolated myeloid CD11c+/hi/B220− DCs from spleen and Peyer's patches of mice with CM allergy and control mice were cultured with CM-specific T cells in the presence or absence of CM or unrelated antigen as a control. Levels of apoptosis in DCs were evaluated by assessing propidium iodide uptake and annexin V expression by means of flow cytometry. Results We observed that both systemic and gastrointestinal-derived DCs showed an increased resistance to T cell–mediated cell death compared with DCs from control but not allergic donors. Further experiments demonstrated that in both allergic and control mice, T cell–mediated DC apoptosis takes place exclusively in the presence of the specific antigen, is MHC II dependent, and is only partially CD95-CD95 ligand dependent. Conclusion Here we demonstrate, for the first time, that the reciprocal, finely balanced regulation between these 2 cell types, which plays a central role in controlling immune responses, is altered in allergy. We hypothesize that these events are likely to have a profound influence on the genesis and maintenance of adverse reaction to food.
Man, A., Bertelli, E., Regoli, M., Chambers, S.J., Nicoletti, C. (2004). Antigen-specific T cell-mediated apoptosis of dendritic cells is impaired in a mouse model of food allergy. JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, 113(5), 965-972 [10.1016/j.jaci.2004.02.038].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/22711
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