The retinoblastoma family of proteins, pRb/p105, p107, and pRb2/ p130, cooperate to regulate cell cycle progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Each of the family members realize their common goal of G1-S checkpoint regulation through overlapping and unique growth regulatory pathways. We took advantage of a tetracycline-regulated gene expression system to control the expression of RB2/p130 in JC virus-induced hamster brain tumor cells to study in vivo the molecular mechanisms used by pRb2/p130 to elicit its growth-suppressive function. We have previously used this system to demonstrate that induction of pRb/ p130 expression suppresses tumor growth in vivo by overcoming neoplastic transformation mediated by the large T-antigen oncoprotein of JCV (JCV TAg). Here we found that induction of pRb2/p130 in vivo specifically inhibits cyclin A- and cyclin E-associated kinase activity and by doing so induces p27Kip1 levels presumably by inhibiting p27Kip1-targeted proteolysis by cyclin E-Cdk2 phosphorylation of p27Kip1. RB2/p130 induction also decreased cyclin A and the transcription factor E2F-1 while increasing cyclin E at both the transcriptional and protein levels of expression. The growth inhibitory activity of pRb2/p130 also correlated with its E2F-binding capacity. Furthermore, p27Kip1 and pRb2/p130 were found to be targets of the JCV TAg oncoprotein and to interact in vivo with each other independently from the presence of TAg. Interestingly, pRb2/p130 expression negatively modulated the binding of p27Kip1 to JCV TAg. These data suggest that pRb2/p130 and p27Kip1 may cooperate in regulating cellular proliferation, and both may be involved in a negative feedback regulatory loop with cyclin E.

HOWARD C., M., CLAUDIO P., P., DE LUCA, A., Stiegler, P., Iori, F.P., Safdar, N.M., et al. (2000). Inducible pRb2/p130 expression and growth suppressive mechanisms: Evidence of a pRb2/p130, p27Kip1 and Cyclin E negative feedback regulatory loop. CANCER RESEARCH, 60(10), 2737-2744.

Inducible pRb2/p130 expression and growth suppressive mechanisms: Evidence of a pRb2/p130, p27Kip1 and Cyclin E negative feedback regulatory loop.

DE LUCA A.;GIORDANO, ANTONIO
2000

Abstract

The retinoblastoma family of proteins, pRb/p105, p107, and pRb2/ p130, cooperate to regulate cell cycle progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Each of the family members realize their common goal of G1-S checkpoint regulation through overlapping and unique growth regulatory pathways. We took advantage of a tetracycline-regulated gene expression system to control the expression of RB2/p130 in JC virus-induced hamster brain tumor cells to study in vivo the molecular mechanisms used by pRb2/p130 to elicit its growth-suppressive function. We have previously used this system to demonstrate that induction of pRb/ p130 expression suppresses tumor growth in vivo by overcoming neoplastic transformation mediated by the large T-antigen oncoprotein of JCV (JCV TAg). Here we found that induction of pRb2/p130 in vivo specifically inhibits cyclin A- and cyclin E-associated kinase activity and by doing so induces p27Kip1 levels presumably by inhibiting p27Kip1-targeted proteolysis by cyclin E-Cdk2 phosphorylation of p27Kip1. RB2/p130 induction also decreased cyclin A and the transcription factor E2F-1 while increasing cyclin E at both the transcriptional and protein levels of expression. The growth inhibitory activity of pRb2/p130 also correlated with its E2F-binding capacity. Furthermore, p27Kip1 and pRb2/p130 were found to be targets of the JCV TAg oncoprotein and to interact in vivo with each other independently from the presence of TAg. Interestingly, pRb2/p130 expression negatively modulated the binding of p27Kip1 to JCV TAg. These data suggest that pRb2/p130 and p27Kip1 may cooperate in regulating cellular proliferation, and both may be involved in a negative feedback regulatory loop with cyclin E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/22547
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