During rail operations, unforeseen events may cause timetable perturbations, which ask for the capability of traffic management systems to reschedule trains and to restore the timetable feasibility. Based on an accurate monitoring of train positions and speeds, potential conflicting routes can be predicted in advance and resolved in real time. The adjusted targets (locationtime-speed) would be then communicated to the relevant trains by which drivers should be able to anticipate the changed traffic circumstances and adjust the train's speed accordingly. We adopt a detailed alternative graph model for the train dispatching problem. Conflicts between different trains are effectively detected and solved. Adopting the blocking time model, we ascertain whether a safe distance headway between trains is respected, and we also consider speed coordination issues among consecutive trains. An iterative rescheduling procedure provides an acceptable speed profile for each train over the intended time horizon. After a finite number of iterations, the final solution is a conflict-free schedule that respects the signaling and safety constraints. A computational study based on a hourly cyclical timetable of the Schiphol railway network has been carried out. Our automated dispatching system provides better solutions in terms of delay minimization when compared to dispatching rules that can be adopted by a human traffic controller.

D'Ariano, A., Pranzo, M., & Hansen, I.A. (2007). Conflict resolution and train speed co-ordination for solving real-time timetable perturbations. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, 8(2), 202-222 [10.1109/TITS.2006.888605].

Conflict resolution and train speed co-ordination for solving real-time timetable perturbations

PRANZO, MARCO;
2007

Abstract

During rail operations, unforeseen events may cause timetable perturbations, which ask for the capability of traffic management systems to reschedule trains and to restore the timetable feasibility. Based on an accurate monitoring of train positions and speeds, potential conflicting routes can be predicted in advance and resolved in real time. The adjusted targets (locationtime-speed) would be then communicated to the relevant trains by which drivers should be able to anticipate the changed traffic circumstances and adjust the train's speed accordingly. We adopt a detailed alternative graph model for the train dispatching problem. Conflicts between different trains are effectively detected and solved. Adopting the blocking time model, we ascertain whether a safe distance headway between trains is respected, and we also consider speed coordination issues among consecutive trains. An iterative rescheduling procedure provides an acceptable speed profile for each train over the intended time horizon. After a finite number of iterations, the final solution is a conflict-free schedule that respects the signaling and safety constraints. A computational study based on a hourly cyclical timetable of the Schiphol railway network has been carried out. Our automated dispatching system provides better solutions in terms of delay minimization when compared to dispatching rules that can be adopted by a human traffic controller.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/22058
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