A post-zygotic mechanism of sex determination is described in the two symphypleonans Dicyrtomina ornata (Nicolet) and Ptenothrix italica Dallai. The process consists of the loss of two sex chromosomes from the male embryo. At the end of the first meiotic division of spermatogenesis, a second chromosome elimination occurs, allowing half the secondary spermatocytes, later transformed into spermatids, to receive a complete haploid set of chromosomes. The secondary spermatocytes, which receive an incomplete set of chromosomes, degenerate. Males of the two collembolan species, therefore, produce a reduced number (50%) of spermatozoa. Females of D. ornata have 2n = 12 and males 2n = 10 chromosomes; females of P. italica have 2n = 14 and males 2n = 12 chromosomes. In both species, oogenesis proceeds normally and chromosomes pair and form chiasmata in meiotic prophase. The adaptive significance of this post-zygotic mechanism of sex determination is discussed. The mechanism seems to be a characteristic feature of the suborder Symphypleona. The neanurid Arthropleona Anurida maritima (Guérin), which was studied for comparative analysis, has 2n = 8 chromosomes and normal spermatogenesis producing haploid nuclei with four chromosomes.

Dallai, R., Fanciulli, P.P., Frati, F. (1999). Chromosome elimination and sex determination in springtails (Insecta, Collembola). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY, 285, 215-225 [10.1002/(SICI)1097-010X(19991015)285:3<215::AID-JEZ4>3.0.CO;2-5].

Chromosome elimination and sex determination in springtails (Insecta, Collembola)

DALLAI, ROMANO;FANCIULLI, PIETRO PAOLO;FRATI, FRANCESCO
1999-01-01

Abstract

A post-zygotic mechanism of sex determination is described in the two symphypleonans Dicyrtomina ornata (Nicolet) and Ptenothrix italica Dallai. The process consists of the loss of two sex chromosomes from the male embryo. At the end of the first meiotic division of spermatogenesis, a second chromosome elimination occurs, allowing half the secondary spermatocytes, later transformed into spermatids, to receive a complete haploid set of chromosomes. The secondary spermatocytes, which receive an incomplete set of chromosomes, degenerate. Males of the two collembolan species, therefore, produce a reduced number (50%) of spermatozoa. Females of D. ornata have 2n = 12 and males 2n = 10 chromosomes; females of P. italica have 2n = 14 and males 2n = 12 chromosomes. In both species, oogenesis proceeds normally and chromosomes pair and form chiasmata in meiotic prophase. The adaptive significance of this post-zygotic mechanism of sex determination is discussed. The mechanism seems to be a characteristic feature of the suborder Symphypleona. The neanurid Arthropleona Anurida maritima (Guérin), which was studied for comparative analysis, has 2n = 8 chromosomes and normal spermatogenesis producing haploid nuclei with four chromosomes.
Dallai, R., Fanciulli, P.P., Frati, F. (1999). Chromosome elimination and sex determination in springtails (Insecta, Collembola). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY, 285, 215-225 [10.1002/(SICI)1097-010X(19991015)285:3<215::AID-JEZ4>3.0.CO;2-5].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/21976
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