In addition to their anti-inflammatory properties, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) harbor immunosuppressive activities related to their capacity both to inhibit cyclooxygenases (COXs) and to act as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligands. We have previously shown that the stress-activated kinase p38 is a selective target of NSAIDs in T cells. Here we have investigated the effect of NSAIDs on the signaling pathway triggered by the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) and leading to stress kinase activation. The results show that nonselective and COX-1-selective NSAIDs also block activation of the stress kinase c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and that prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) reverses this block and enhances TCR-dependent JNK activation. Analysis of the activation state of the components upstream of p38 and JNK showed that NSAIDs inhibit the serine-threonine kinase p21-activated protein kinase 1 (Pak1) and the small guanosine 5'-triphosphatase (GTPase) Rac, as well as the Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchanger, Vav. Furthermore, activation of Fyn, which controls Vav phosphorylation, is inhibited by NSAIDs, whereas activation of lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) and of the Lck-dependent tyrosine kinase cascade is unaffected. Accordingly, constitutively active Fyn reverses the NSAID-dependent stress kinase inhibition. The data identify COX-1 as an important early modulator of TCR signaling and highlight a TCR proximal pathway selectively coupling the TCR to stress kinase activation.
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|Titolo:||Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit a Fyn dependent pathway coupled to Rac and stress kinase activation in TCR signaling|
|Citazione:||ROSSI PACCANI, S., Patrussi, L., Ulivieri, C., Masferrer, J.L., D'Elios, M.M., & Baldari, C. (2005). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit a Fyn dependent pathway coupled to Rac and stress kinase activation in TCR signaling. BLOOD, 105(5), 2042-2048.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|