HIV-1 infection decreases the number of CD4þ T-cells, and apoptosis has been suggested among the mechanisms. Proteins of the Shc family are involved in a complex network of signal transduction, differentiation, and apoptotic response to stress in many different cell types. Out of three homologous gene products (ShcA, ShcB, and ShcC), only two splicing variants of ShA are expressed in T-lymphocytes, namely p46Shc and p52Shc. In the present study, we report that inhibition of p46Shc and p52Shc by a dominant negative mutant enhances the yield of HIV-1 particles production without affecting efficiency of viral gene expression in CD4þ- infected cells. The increase in HIV-1 replication in cells expressing the dominant negative mutant isoform ultimately correlates with a decrease in the percentage of cells entering apoptosis. The data presented suggest that ShcA proteins can play a role in committing CD4þ T-cells to apoptosis, as a response to HIV-1 infection.
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|Titolo:||Inhibition of ShcA isoforms p46/p52Shc enhances HIV-1 replication in CD4+ T-lymphocytes|
|Citazione:||Benetti, L., Calistri, A., Ulivieri, C., Cabrelle, A., Baldari, C., Palu', G., et al. (2004). Inhibition of ShcA isoforms p46/p52Shc enhances HIV-1 replication in CD4+ T-lymphocytes. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY, 199(1), 40-46.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|