This study aimed to better document the diversity and distribution patterns of vascular cryophilous species across major habitat types in a high-elevation Mediterranean system in central Italy. The research addressed the following questions: (a) whether different habitats support similar levels of biodiversity in terms of total vascular plants richness and cryophilous species richness, and (b) how each habitat contributes to the total cryophilous species diversity. A random stratified sampling approach based on a habitat map was applied to construct rarefaction curves for overall cryophilous species richness and habitat type-specific cryophilous richness. Rarefaction curves were also constructed for all-species and exclusive species. To determine whether the targeted species represented a constant proportion of all species, the ratio between the rarefaction curves of the cryophilous species and all species was also calculated. The results highlight the importance of the different habitat types in overall and cryophilous species conservation because these different habitat types had progressively higher richness values. At the regional scale, steep slopes had the highest species diversity, the greatest exclusive species richness and a steep rarefaction curve. The diversity pattern of cryophilous taxa was not related to the general pattern of total species richness, with these species being more common in three habitat types with extreme environmental conditions: ridges, cliffs, and screes. For the establishment of successful biodiversity conservation programs, it is imperative to include species-poor habitats containing a high proportion of cryophilous species, which are considered to be threatened by climate warming.
Stanisci, A., Carranza, L., Pelino, G., & Chiarucci, A. (2011). Assessing the diversity pattern of cryophilous plant species in high elevation habitats. PLANT ECOLOGY, 212(4), 595-600.
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|Titolo:||Assessing the diversity pattern of cryophilous plant species in high elevation habitats|
|Citazione:||Stanisci, A., Carranza, L., Pelino, G., & Chiarucci, A. (2011). Assessing the diversity pattern of cryophilous plant species in high elevation habitats. PLANT ECOLOGY, 212(4), 595-600.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|