Furoyl saccharin, a novel heterocyclic acylating agent which has been previously found to possess a potent inhibitory capacity in vitro for elastase and other serine proteases, has been investigated in vivo in two acute animal models of emphysema. In hamsters, intratracheal (i.tr.) administration of 0.1 mg porcine pancreatic elastase resulted seven days later, in a 42% increase of the mean linear intercept (Lm). Addition of 0.3 mg to 0.3 mg furoyl saccharin to elastase exhibited a partial, not dose-related, but statistically significant inhibition of the increase of LM. Addition of 1 mg furoyl saccharin (equivalent to a dose of 12.5 mg/kg) completely abolished the increase in Lm. In the rabbit i.tr. instillation of 3.7 mg porcine pancreatic elastase induced within seven days, a 48% increase of the Lm, a 27% decrease of the internal surface area (ISA) of the lungs and a 33% decrease of the ISA corrected to an arbitrary total lung volume of 70 ml (ISA70). Furoyl saccharin given i.tr. 15 min prior to elastase at the doses 3, 10 and 20 mg prevented significantly in a dose-related manner, the changes in Lm, ISA and ISA70. The highest furoyl saccharin dose (equivalent to a dose of 10.8 mg/kg) completely protected against the emphysematous lesion. Additionally furoyl saccharin (20 mg i.tr.) prevented in the rabbit model the depletion in lung insoluble elastin and the increase in salt soluble collagen induced by the elastase administration. These results show that furoyl saccharin also in vivo has a marked antielastase activity.
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|Titolo:||Effect of the novel synthetic protease inhibitor furoyl saccharin on elastase-induced emphysema in rabbits and hamsters.|
|Citazione:||Lungarella, G., Gardi, C., Fonzi, L., Comparini, L., Share, N.N., Zimmerman, M., et al. (1986). Effect of the novel synthetic protease inhibitor furoyl saccharin on elastase-induced emphysema in rabbits and hamsters. EXPERIMENTAL LUNG RESEARCH, 11(1), 35-47.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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