Rats exposed to repeated unavoidable stress show decreased dopamine output in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and do not acquire vanilla sugar (VS)-sustained appetitive behavior (VAB). Rats treated with lithium for 3 weeks also show decreased NAcS dopamine output, yet they acquire VAB. Feeding a novel palatable food increases extraneuronal dopamine levels in the NAcS and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in rats. In order to investigate the role of food-induced dopamine release in VAB acquisition, we studied by microdialysis the dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC to the presentation and consumption of VS in satiated control rats, and in satiated rats exposed to repeated stress or lithium treatment. The dopaminergic response to VS was also studied in rats familiar with VS, or that had acquired VAB. In control rats, VS feeding was accompanied by increased dopamine output in the NAcS and mPFC, and one-trial habituation to this effect developed in the NAcS. Rats exposed to a 7-day stress showed reduced interest in VS pellets, and when fed VS they did not show a dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC. Lithium-treated rats rapidly ate VS pellets and showed increased dopamine output in the NAcS and mPFC, with no habituation in the NAcS response. Rats familiar with VS and rats that had already learned VAB ate VS pellets. The first group showed a lower dopaminergic response to VS consumption than the control group, but the latter showed no dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC. We propose that the limbic dopaminergic response to a novel palatable food plays a role in associative learning and that it is predictive of the competence to learn an appetitive behavior. Moreover, in our experimental conditions a phasic increase in mesolimbic dopamine no longer signals the VS stimulus once it has become a reinforcer in an appetitive task.

Gambarana, C., Masi, F., Leggio, B., Grappi, S., Nanni, G., Scheggi, S., et al. (2003). Acquisition of a palatable food sustained appetitive behavior in satiated rats is dependent on the dopaminergic response to this food in limbic areas. NEUROSCIENCE, 121(1), 179-187 [10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00383-X].

Acquisition of a palatable food sustained appetitive behavior in satiated rats is dependent on the dopaminergic response to this food in limbic areas

GAMBARANA, C.;MASI, F.;LEGGIO, B.;GRAPPI, S.;SCHEGGI, S.;DE MONTIS, M. G.;TAGLIAMONTE, A.
2003-01-01

Abstract

Rats exposed to repeated unavoidable stress show decreased dopamine output in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and do not acquire vanilla sugar (VS)-sustained appetitive behavior (VAB). Rats treated with lithium for 3 weeks also show decreased NAcS dopamine output, yet they acquire VAB. Feeding a novel palatable food increases extraneuronal dopamine levels in the NAcS and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in rats. In order to investigate the role of food-induced dopamine release in VAB acquisition, we studied by microdialysis the dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC to the presentation and consumption of VS in satiated control rats, and in satiated rats exposed to repeated stress or lithium treatment. The dopaminergic response to VS was also studied in rats familiar with VS, or that had acquired VAB. In control rats, VS feeding was accompanied by increased dopamine output in the NAcS and mPFC, and one-trial habituation to this effect developed in the NAcS. Rats exposed to a 7-day stress showed reduced interest in VS pellets, and when fed VS they did not show a dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC. Lithium-treated rats rapidly ate VS pellets and showed increased dopamine output in the NAcS and mPFC, with no habituation in the NAcS response. Rats familiar with VS and rats that had already learned VAB ate VS pellets. The first group showed a lower dopaminergic response to VS consumption than the control group, but the latter showed no dopaminergic response in the NAcS and mPFC. We propose that the limbic dopaminergic response to a novel palatable food plays a role in associative learning and that it is predictive of the competence to learn an appetitive behavior. Moreover, in our experimental conditions a phasic increase in mesolimbic dopamine no longer signals the VS stimulus once it has become a reinforcer in an appetitive task.
Gambarana, C., Masi, F., Leggio, B., Grappi, S., Nanni, G., Scheggi, S., et al. (2003). Acquisition of a palatable food sustained appetitive behavior in satiated rats is dependent on the dopaminergic response to this food in limbic areas. NEUROSCIENCE, 121(1), 179-187 [10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00383-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/21511
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