A series of studies performed in our laboratory have shown that (-)-linalool, the natural occurring enantiomer in essential oils, possesses anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in different animal models. The antinociceptive effect of (-)-linalool has been ascribed to the stimulation of the cholinergic, opioidergic and dopaminergic systems, to its local anesthetic activity and to the blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In this study, we investigated the effect of systemic administration of (-)-linalool in the paw withdrawal test in rats, a model of thermal hyperalgesia induced by monolateral subplantar injection of carrageenan, L-glutamate or prostaglandin E(2). Carrageenan and L-glutamate induced a hyperalgesic effect on the injection side. In contrast, prostaglandin E(2) induced hyperalgesia in both the injection side and the contralateral side. Pretreatment with (-)-linalool (50-150 mg/kg) inhibited the development of acute hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan in the injected paw, with no effect on the contralateral paw. Furthermore, (-)-linalool at the highest dose used (200 mg/kg), reduced and reverted the decrease in paw withdrawal latencies induced by L-glutamate on the ipsilateral side, showing antihyperalgesic and antinociceptive effects. An antinociceptive effect was apparent also in the contralateral paw. Finally, (-)-linalool (200 mg/kg) increased paw withdrawal latency on the side contralateral to prostaglandin E(2) injection, but not on the side of the injection. The efficacy of (-)-linalool in decreasing the hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, L-glutamate and prostaglandin E(2) suggests that this compound might be useful in pain conditions sustained by the development of neuronal sensitization.

Peana, A.T., DE MONTIS, M.G., Sechi, S., Sircana, G., Daquila, P.S., & Pippia, P. (2004). Effects of (-)-linalool in the acute hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, L-glutamate and prostaglandin E2. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 497(3), 279-284 [10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.06.006].

Effects of (-)-linalool in the acute hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, L-glutamate and prostaglandin E2

DE MONTIS, M. G.;
2004

Abstract

A series of studies performed in our laboratory have shown that (-)-linalool, the natural occurring enantiomer in essential oils, possesses anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects in different animal models. The antinociceptive effect of (-)-linalool has been ascribed to the stimulation of the cholinergic, opioidergic and dopaminergic systems, to its local anesthetic activity and to the blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. In this study, we investigated the effect of systemic administration of (-)-linalool in the paw withdrawal test in rats, a model of thermal hyperalgesia induced by monolateral subplantar injection of carrageenan, L-glutamate or prostaglandin E(2). Carrageenan and L-glutamate induced a hyperalgesic effect on the injection side. In contrast, prostaglandin E(2) induced hyperalgesia in both the injection side and the contralateral side. Pretreatment with (-)-linalool (50-150 mg/kg) inhibited the development of acute hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan in the injected paw, with no effect on the contralateral paw. Furthermore, (-)-linalool at the highest dose used (200 mg/kg), reduced and reverted the decrease in paw withdrawal latencies induced by L-glutamate on the ipsilateral side, showing antihyperalgesic and antinociceptive effects. An antinociceptive effect was apparent also in the contralateral paw. Finally, (-)-linalool (200 mg/kg) increased paw withdrawal latency on the side contralateral to prostaglandin E(2) injection, but not on the side of the injection. The efficacy of (-)-linalool in decreasing the hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, L-glutamate and prostaglandin E(2) suggests that this compound might be useful in pain conditions sustained by the development of neuronal sensitization.
Peana, A.T., DE MONTIS, M.G., Sechi, S., Sircana, G., Daquila, P.S., & Pippia, P. (2004). Effects of (-)-linalool in the acute hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, L-glutamate and prostaglandin E2. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 497(3), 279-284 [10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.06.006].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/21455
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