Various studies on hepatic fibrosis occurring in iron overload suggest that excess of tissue iron may be involved in the stimulation of collagen synthesis. Anyway, up to date, direct evidence on the role of iron in hepatic fibrosis is lacking. Moreover, it is not clear whether iron acts as direct initiator of fibrogenesis or as mediator of hepatocellular necrosis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of nontoxic doses of iron on collagen metabolism and proliferation, key features of liver fibrosis, by means of cultures of hepatic stellate cells, the liver cells responsible for collagen production. Iron treatment increased collagen synthesis without affecting noncollagen proteins. The maximum effect was observed at 5 microM iron (+132%). At this dose, no cell damage or proliferation was detected. Conversely, higher doses of iron (10 and 25 microM) induced cell proliferation and a lower increase in collagen synthesis, suggesting the prevalence of proliferative effect on the synthetic one. These effects occurred without the intervention of serum factors and were not mediated by lipid peroxidation. Our results strongly support the hypothesis that iron "per sé" may act as a profibrogenic agent. Finally, we provide evidence that iron plays a role also in matrix degradation, by stimulating some metalloprotease activities. Iron treatment increased metalloprotease-2 activity in hepatic stellate cells, while no changes were observed for interstitial collagenase activity suggesting that, in these conditions, a pathological accumulation of hepatic extracellular matrix may occur.

Gardi, C., Arezzini, B., Fortino, V., Comporti, M. (2002). Effect of free iron on collagen synthesis, cell proliferation and MMP-2 expression in rat hepatic stellate cells. BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY, 64(7), 1139-1145 [10.1016/S0006-2952(02)01257-1].

Effect of free iron on collagen synthesis, cell proliferation and MMP-2 expression in rat hepatic stellate cells

GARDI, C.;AREZZINI, B.;FORTINO, V.;COMPORTI, M.
2002-01-01

Abstract

Various studies on hepatic fibrosis occurring in iron overload suggest that excess of tissue iron may be involved in the stimulation of collagen synthesis. Anyway, up to date, direct evidence on the role of iron in hepatic fibrosis is lacking. Moreover, it is not clear whether iron acts as direct initiator of fibrogenesis or as mediator of hepatocellular necrosis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of nontoxic doses of iron on collagen metabolism and proliferation, key features of liver fibrosis, by means of cultures of hepatic stellate cells, the liver cells responsible for collagen production. Iron treatment increased collagen synthesis without affecting noncollagen proteins. The maximum effect was observed at 5 microM iron (+132%). At this dose, no cell damage or proliferation was detected. Conversely, higher doses of iron (10 and 25 microM) induced cell proliferation and a lower increase in collagen synthesis, suggesting the prevalence of proliferative effect on the synthetic one. These effects occurred without the intervention of serum factors and were not mediated by lipid peroxidation. Our results strongly support the hypothesis that iron "per sé" may act as a profibrogenic agent. Finally, we provide evidence that iron plays a role also in matrix degradation, by stimulating some metalloprotease activities. Iron treatment increased metalloprotease-2 activity in hepatic stellate cells, while no changes were observed for interstitial collagenase activity suggesting that, in these conditions, a pathological accumulation of hepatic extracellular matrix may occur.
Gardi, C., Arezzini, B., Fortino, V., Comporti, M. (2002). Effect of free iron on collagen synthesis, cell proliferation and MMP-2 expression in rat hepatic stellate cells. BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY, 64(7), 1139-1145 [10.1016/S0006-2952(02)01257-1].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/21314
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