The family of ryanodine receptor (RyR) genes encodes three highly related Ca(2+)-release channels: RyR1, RyR2 and RyR3. RyRs are known as the Ca(2+)-release channels that participate to the mechanism of excitation-contraction coupling in striated muscles, but they are also expressed in many other cell types. Actually, in several cells two or three RyR isoforms can be co-expressed and interactive feedbacks among them may be important for generation of intracellular Ca(2+) signals and regulation of specific cellular functions. Important developments have been obtained in understanding the biochemical complexity underlying the process of Ca(2+) release through RyRs. The 3-D structure of these large molecules has been obtained and some regulatory regions have been mapped within these 3-D reconstructions. Recent studies have clarified the role of protein kinases and phosphatases that, by physically interacting with RyRs, appear to play a role in the regulation of these Ca(2+)-release channels. These and other recent advancements in understanding RyR biology will be the object of this review.
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|Titolo:||Molecular genetics of ryanodine receptors Ca2+-release channels.|
|Citazione:||Rossi, D., & Sorrentino, V. (2002). Molecular genetics of ryanodine receptors Ca2+-release channels. CELL CALCIUM, 32, 307-319.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|