Our understanding of the mode of action of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has changed profoundly during the last decade. Most PTHrP activities are mediated by membrane receptors through autocrine/paracrine pathways. However, both endogenous and exogenous PTHrP also appear to have intracrine effects through translocation into the nucleus. The present review proposes unconventional PTHrP signalling, based on novel clues. First, PTHrP binding to its membrane receptor triggers internalization of the whole complex, mediated by beta-arrestin. There is growing evidence that the receptor and arrestin are the effectors of biological responses, rather than the ligand (or in addition to the ligand). Second, the existence of putative PTHrP targets within the cytoplasm is beginning to be supported. Recent findings of interactions between a COOH-terminus of PTHrP and beta-arrestin and between the PTHrP receptor and 14-3-3 proteins represent the starting point for identification of intracellular partners of both the hormone and its receptor.
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|Titolo:||The complexity of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) signalling|
|Citazione:||Maioli, E., & Fortino, V. (2004). The complexity of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) signalling. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES, 61, 257-262.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|