Subtype 3 of the ryanodine receptor (RYR3) is a ubiquitous Ca2+ release channel which is predominantly expressed in smooth muscle tissues and certain regions of the brain. We show by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) that non-pregnant mouse myometrial cells expressed only RYR3 and therefore could be a good model for studying the role of endogenous RYR3. Expression of RYR3 was confirmed by Western blotting and immunostaining. Confocal Ca2+ measurements revealed that in 1.7 mM extracellular Ca2+, neither caffeine nor photolysis of caged Ca2+ were able to trigger any Ca2+ responses, whereas in the same cells oxytocin activated propagated Ca2+ waves. However, under conditions of increased sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ loading, brought about by superfusing myometrial cells in 10 mM extracellular Ca2+, all the myometrial cells responded to caffeine and photolysis of caged Ca2+, indicating that it was possible to activate RYR3. The caffeine-induced Ca2+ responses were inhibited by intracellular application of an anti-RYR3-specific antibody. Immunodetection of RYR3 with the same antibody revealed a rather homogeneous distribution of fluorescence in confocal cell sections. In agreement with these observations, spontaneous or triggered Ca2+ sparks were not detected. In conclusion, our results suggest that under conditions of increased SR Ca2+ loading, endogenous RYR3 may contribute to the Ca2+ responses of myometrial cells.
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|Titolo:||Identification and function of ryanodine receptor subtype 3 in non-pregnant mouse myometrial cells.|
|Citazione:||J., M., N., M., J. L., M., Sorrentino, V., & C., M. (2002). Identification and function of ryanodine receptor subtype 3 in non-pregnant mouse myometrial cells. THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, 538, 707-716.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|