We have investigated the subcellular spontaneous Ca2+ events in canine Purkinje cells using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Three types of Ca2+ transient were found: (1) nonpropagating Ca2+ transients that originate directly under the sarcolemma and lead to (2) small Ca2+ wavelets in a region limited to 6-microm depth under the sarcolemma causing (3) large Ca2+ waves that travel throughout the cell (CWWs). Immunocytochemical studies revealed 3 layers of Ca2+ channels: (1) channels associated with type 1 IP3 receptors (IP3R1) and type 3 ryanodine receptors (RyR3) are prominent directly under the sarcolemma; (2) type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2s) are present throughout the cell but virtually absent in a layer between 2 and 4 microm below the sarcolemma (Sub-SL); (3) type 3 ryanodine receptors (RyR3) is the dominant Ca2+ release channel in the Sub-SL. Simulations of both nonpropagating and propagating transients show that the generators of Ca2+ wavelets differ from those of the CWWs with the threshold of the former being less than that of the latter. Thus, Purkinje cells contain a functional and structural Ca2+ system responsible for the mechanism that translates Ca2+ release occurring directly under the sarcolemma into rapid Ca2+ release in the Sub-SL, which then initiates large-amplitude long lasting Ca2+ releases underlying CWWs. The sequence of spontaneous diastolic Ca2+ transients that starts directly under the sarcolemma and leads to Ca2+ wavelets and CWWs is important because CWWs have been shown to cause nondriven electrical activity.
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|Titolo:||Ca2+ sparks and waves in canine purkinje cells: a triple layered system of Ca2+ activation.|
|Citazione:||B. D., S., W., D., S., M., Sorrentino, V., P. A., B., & H. E., t.K. (2005). Ca2+ sparks and waves in canine purkinje cells: a triple layered system of Ca2+ activation. CIRCULATION RESEARCH, 97, 35-43.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|