Unloading of skeletal muscles by hindlimb unweighting is known to induce muscle atrophy and a shift toward faster contractile properties associated with an increase in the expression of fast contractile proteins, particularly in slow soleus muscles. Contractile properties suggest that slow soleus muscles acquire SR properties close to those of a faster one. We studied the expression and properties of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release (RyR) channels in soleus and gastrocnemius muscles of rats submitted to hindlimb unloading (HU). An increase in RyR1 and a slight decrease in RyR3 expression was detected in atrophied soleus muscles only after 4 weeks of HU. No variation appeared in fast muscles. [(3)H]Ryanodine binding experiments showed that HU neither increased the affinity of the receptors for [(3)H]ryanodine nor changed the caffeine sensitivity of [(3)H]ryanodine binding. Our results suggested that not only RyR1 but also RyR3 expression can be regulated by muscle activity and innervation in soleus muscle. The changes in the RyR expression in slow fibers suggested a transformation of the SR from a slow to a fast phenotype.
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|Titolo:||Properties of ryanodine receptor in rat muscles submitted to unloaded conditions.|
|Citazione:||B., B., A., C., Sorrentino, V., & Y., M. (2000). Properties of ryanodine receptor in rat muscles submitted to unloaded conditions. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 270, 442-447.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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