Analysis of ungulate bones recovered from a number of Upper and Middle Palaeolithic sites in southern Italy revealed differences in the presence of anatomical elements. There is a lack of clear evidence of carnivore activities, and differences can be attributed to human activity. Indeed, these differences were probably due to different patterns of skeletal exploitation between Homo neanderthalensis and H. sapiens. Small limb bones (carpals, tarsals, sesamoids, long bone epiphyses and especially phalanges) are rarely found in Middle Palaeolithic deposits, but are abundant in the Upper Palaeolithic. The observation of unidentified bone fragments at these sites indicates that during the middle Palaeolithic, marrow extraction regarded essentially the treatment of long bones. First and second phalanges were not frequently used for this practice, but they were often fragmented by H. sapiens. Lack of these bones among the remains of meals of Neanderthal suggests that these bones were probably destroyed by their utilisation as fuel. © Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007.

Boscato, P., Crezzini, J. (2007). The exploitation of ungulate bones in Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. HUMAN EVOLUTION, 21(3-4), 311-320 [10.1007/s11598-006-9031-8].

The exploitation of ungulate bones in Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens

BOSCATO, P.;CREZZINI, J.
2007-01-01

Abstract

Analysis of ungulate bones recovered from a number of Upper and Middle Palaeolithic sites in southern Italy revealed differences in the presence of anatomical elements. There is a lack of clear evidence of carnivore activities, and differences can be attributed to human activity. Indeed, these differences were probably due to different patterns of skeletal exploitation between Homo neanderthalensis and H. sapiens. Small limb bones (carpals, tarsals, sesamoids, long bone epiphyses and especially phalanges) are rarely found in Middle Palaeolithic deposits, but are abundant in the Upper Palaeolithic. The observation of unidentified bone fragments at these sites indicates that during the middle Palaeolithic, marrow extraction regarded essentially the treatment of long bones. First and second phalanges were not frequently used for this practice, but they were often fragmented by H. sapiens. Lack of these bones among the remains of meals of Neanderthal suggests that these bones were probably destroyed by their utilisation as fuel. © Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007.
Boscato, P., Crezzini, J. (2007). The exploitation of ungulate bones in Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. HUMAN EVOLUTION, 21(3-4), 311-320 [10.1007/s11598-006-9031-8].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/20672
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