Calcium release through ryanodine receptors (RYR) activates calcium-dependent membrane conductances and plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling in smooth muscle. The specific RYR isoforms associated with this release in smooth muscle, and the role of RYR-associated proteins such as FK506 binding proteins (FKBPs), has not been clearly established, however. FKBP12.6 proteins interact with RYR2 Ca(2+) release channels and the absence of these proteins predictably alters the amplitude and kinetics of RYR2 unitary Ca(2+) release events (Ca(2+) sparks). To evaluate the role of specific RYR2 and FBKP12.6 proteins in Ca(2+) release processes in smooth muscle, we compared spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs), Ca(2+) sparks, Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release, and Ca(2+) waves in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from wild-type, FKBP12.6(-/-), and RYR3(-/-) mouse bladders. Consistent with a role of FKBP12.6 and RYR2 proteins in spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks, we show that the frequency, amplitude, and kinetics of spontaneous, transient outward currents (STOCs) and spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks are altered in FKBP12.6 deficient myocytes relative to wild-type and RYR3 null cells, which were not significantly different from each other. Ca(2+) -induced Ca(2+) release was similarly augmented in FKBP12.6(-/-), but not in RYR3 null cells relative to wild-type. Finally, Ca(2+) wave speed evoked by CICR was not different in RYR3 cells relative to control, indicating that these proteins are not necessary for normal Ca(2+) wave propagation. The effect of FKBP12.6 deletion on the frequency, amplitude, and kinetics of spontaneous and evoked Ca(2+) sparks in smooth muscle, and the finding of normal Ca(2+) sparks and CICR in RYR3 null mice, indicate that Ca(2+) release through RYR2 molecules contributes to the formation of spontaneous and evoked Ca(2+) sparks, and associated STOCs, in smooth muscle.
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|Titolo:||RYR2 proteins contribute to the formation of Ca(2+) sparks in smooth muscle.|
|Citazione:||G., J.i., M. E., F., K. S., G., Sorrentino, V., H. B., X., & M. I., K. (2004). RYR2 proteins contribute to the formation of Ca(2+) sparks in smooth muscle. JOURNAL OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY, 123, 377-386.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|